Scientific works of KubSTUIssues → № 3, 2019/May

Table of contents for # 3, 2019/May

Testing the bridge through the river of the Laba

V.I. Bozhkov, S.I. Dizenko, О.А. Pedan
Annotation

Currently expanding construction of transport highways in order to increase road capacity and reduce the loss of the economy due to reduced transportation time of production. The purpose of this work – the study of the actual stress state of the span under the influence of a real car load by direct measurement of stress in the elements of the main beams and the deflection of the span when uploading overpass design load. It was found that the values of the stresses and deflections of the main beams are in good agreement with theoretical calculations. The values of the measured deflections amounted to 83.5% of the theoretical values.

Keywords: span, the main beam, the voltage deflections.

Quick detailed hull connection with basin of grants for selection of monoliths weak soils from drilling wells

V.V. Denisenko, P.A. Lyashenko
Annotation

The reliability of the results of laboratory determinations of physicomechanical characteristics of soils is the degree of preservation of the natural addition of soils in monoliths taken from mine workings. The authors describe a quick-disassembled joint of the hull and shoe of pressed primers for the selection of weak soils from boreholes, which prevents shaking and disturbance of the natural addition of weak soils in monoliths during the dismantling of soil-sowings and extraction of soil monoliths.

Keywords: soil monolith, selection of soil monoliths, weak soils, pressed primer, borehole.

Constructive and technological ways to improve the quality of selection of monolites of ransmission
grounds from the walls

V.V. Denisenko, P.A. Lyashenko
Annotation

Existing soil feeders for the selection of soil monoliths from boreholes do not always meet the quality requirements for the selection of soil monoliths, in particular, subsurface soils. To ensure the preservation of the natural composition of subsiding soils in monoliths for buildings and structures with a higher level of responsibility, they are selected from the open mine workings (pits, pipes, etc.) manually. Constructive and technological ways of improving the quality of the selection of monoliths of subsiding soils by injected lateral subsoil from pipe walls are given.

Keywords: subsidence grounds, selection of soil monoliths, natural addition of soil, indented soil, and pipe.

Phase equilibrium vapor – liquid in binary mixtures methyl alcohol – hydrocarbon

T.G. Korotkova
Annotation

The vapor-liquid phase equilibrium diagrams y-x; t-x, y; γi-x are given for mixtures of methanol – hydrocarbon: methanol – pentane, methanol – isopentane, methanol – hexane, methanol – toluene, methanol – heptane, methanol – decane. Methanol is used in the oil and gas industry as a hydrate inhibitor due to its low freezing point and good solubility. The calculation of the component activity coefficient was performed using the NRTL method in the Borland Pascal programming environment. The structural parameters of the volume and area components ri and qi, the constants of the Antoine equation, the energy parameters of the binary interaction between the component molecules are taken according to Hysys, which is the medium for modeling complex schemes of an arbitrary structure intended primarily for the oil and gas industry. An acceptable quantitative and qualitative agreement between the calculated and experimental data is shown.

Keywords: oil field wastewater, treatment schemes, suspension-emulsion system.

Scheme of the stages of oil-field wastewater treatment

T.G. Korotkova, D.YU. Samofal
Annotation

In most oil fields, the source of raw water is treated oil field wastewater (FWW). The increased content of oil and suspended solids in water leads to incomplete recovery of oil from the well. The difficulty of treatment FWW lies in the separation of emulsified oil from water. The content of oil and mechanical impurities in the treated wastewater often exceeds the standards. The specifications of the stages of treatment FWW implemented in modern proposed installations protected by patents of the Russian Federation. It is established that in the treatment schemes flow stages: treatment, treatment-preparation, treatment-preparation-after-treatment. The absence of a pretreatment stage reduces the efficiency of the plants as a whole. The recommended scheme for the stages of purification of FWW, including pretreatment, preparation, treatment, and after-treatment.

Keywords: oil field wastewater, treatment schemes, suspension-emulsion system.

Development of a multi-agent system in C#

M.P. Malykhina, D.A. Gerasimov
Annotation

Analysis of various sources shows that for a long time there has been an increase in the use of artificial intelligence systems in various spheres of society. One of the topical areas of application of artificial intelligence systems are multi-agent systems. In this regard, the search for possible ways to create multi-agent systems currently available in the market of information technology. This article presents the implementation of a multi-agent system of artificial intelligence in the language of high-level programming C#. The basic principles of data transfer between agents to create an opportunity to coordinate and combine their functions into one whole system through dialogue are touched upon. Examples of libraries and frameworks for the implementation of a multi-agent system of artificial intelligence are given.

Keywords: multi - agent systems, agents, multi - agent systems, artificial intelligence, agent-coordinator, agent-executor.

Structural analysis and synthesis of transport and robotic constructions

A.I. Smelyagin
Annotation

At present, transport technological devices and robots are widely used both in industry and in other fields of human activity. So on the basis of transport carriages bicycles, motorcycles, cars, trains, trams, monowheels, gyroscooters, mobile robots and other similar structures are created. Robotic systems are widely used in everyday life, industry and in many other areas of human activity. In order to create effective robotic and transport devices, developers have to solve problems associated with the synthesis and analysis of their structure. Structural analysis and synthesis of mechanical systems is the main stage in the creation of new technology. So structural analysis allows you to establish with what object the developers are dealing, and, therefore, to choose the right methods for its calculation. Scientific structural synthesis of mechanical systems allows you to choose the right structural diagram of the device being created. The paper proposes the structural analysis and synthesis of robotic and transport structures to be carried out using rigorous scientific methods, namely with the help of the developed structural mathematical models. The results of the study showed the effectiveness of the proposed methods. This allows us to recommend the proposed approaches to a wide practical application.

Keywords: transport, manipulator, robot, mechanism, kinematic chain, synthesis, analysis, structural diagram, links, kinematic pairs, structural mathematical model.

Improving the structure of multi-tiered carousel extractor

K.N. Tsebrenko
Annotation

Creating a domestic effective oil extraction equipment is an urgent task in terms of import substitution. The aim of the work is to improve the design of the carousel extractor on the basis of stream structure optimization. The object of research is a multi-tiered carousel extractor for the oil and fat industry. The study was performed using the methods of mathematical and computer modeling. As a result of the study, the parameters of the optimal cyclic extraction scheme in a multi-tiered carousel extractor were obtained. On the basis of the studied model of the eight-lane carousel extractor, it was established that the organization of an additional two irrigation stages on a longline gives the greatest economic effect. The results of the study show the effectiveness of the implementation of the cyclic extraction process and can be used to create oil extraction plants.

Keywords: carousel extractor, cyclic extraction, modeling, optimization, extraction scheme.

The formation of representative bodies in the Kuban region in the period of revolutionary changes of 1917

M.A. Beletskaya, Z.YA. Emtil
Annotation

The article examines the formation of new authorities in the Kuban region in 1917 on a wide factual material. It is noted that the revolutionary changes gave a powerful impetus to the revitalization of political life in the Kuban. Based on the analysis, it is concluded that the attempt to coexist the representative bodies of the Provisional Government, the Cossack administration and councils in the Kuban was failed due to the inability of the main social groups and political parties to social compromise and mutual concessions based on the sober assessment that was formed in the region and country situation.

Keywords: interim government, mountaineers, nonresident peasants, Cossacks, Kuban region, revolution.

Housing and utilities: the history of the development of management companies

A.S. Bochkareva, YU.V. Khotina
Annotation

The article describes the main stages of development of housing and communal services in Russia: from the pre-revolutionary period to the present day. It is emphasized that in Russia the founder of housing and communal services can be considered Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov, in which the first services of housing and communal services were created. The article says that after the October revolution, the “Main Department for local economy” was created as part of the NKVD on the basis of the Resolution of the II Congress of Soviets. This date determines the beginning of the period of centralization of local economy management. It is specified that in 1931 the people’s Commissariat of municipal services of RSFSR is created. After disintegration of the USSR the management of the housing sector in 1991-1992 was carried out by the Ministry of architecture, construction and housing and communal services of the Russian Federation, then, in 1992-1994 − State Committee of the Russian Federation on architecture and construction. It is concluded that the system of management of housing and communal services developed in Russia for several centuries, and the modern form acquired only after the formation of the USSR.

Keywords: housing and communal services, housing stock, Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich Romanov, architecture, construction.

From the history of his native city to the history of his Homeland (for example, the town of Slavyansk-na-Kubani)

I.I. Gajewski, A.E. Kolesnik, A.S. Avanesov
Annotation

The article deals with the key events of the ancient and medieval history of the modern Slavic region and the city of Slavyansk-on-Kuban up to the annexation of the Crimea, the right-Bank Kuban and Taman to the Russian Empire in 1783. it is Important that through the prism of the history of a separate territory, we can trace the main milestones of the history of Kuban. The attention is focused on the fact that without studying the history of their native “place” it is impossible to fully instill in the modern generation love for the Fatherland, respect for native culture and traditions, respect for historical and cultural heritage. In many ways, it is through the knowledge of the history of a small homeland that a young man realizes his involvement in his country, its past, present and future. The study of the history of the Slavic region and the city of Slavyansk-on-Kuban shows extremely diverse multinational composition of the territory since ancient times, the geopolitical importance of the region for the major empires: Byzantine, Ottoman and Russian.

Keywords: Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Meotians, Great Bulgaria, Copa, Kopyl, the Ottoman Empire, the Nogays, the Slavic village.

Monuments of the civil war in the territory of Krasnodar region

I.I. Gajewski, A.K. Lapina, J.A. Rahinskaya
Annotation

The article is considered monuments of the Civil War located in the Krasnodar Territory and related history. А large number of monuments and places dedicated on-sensible people, events are in the Krasnodar Region. These monuments are not only works of art but also a part of history, a tribute to our ancestors and their exploits. Purpose of work is generalization of information about the monuments of the Civil War in the various localities of Krasnodar region, created during the Soviet and post-Soviet period. The object of the work are the monuments, obelisks dedicated to the events of the Civil War. The research method is problem-chronological. To sum up, monuments, obelisks and monumental slabs remind us about the events of the Civil War in Russia, in the Kuban region, affecting the outlook of modern society members. They are a kind of information channels, broadcasting knowledge of the past, the present and the future.

Keywords: monument, Civil War, obelisk, memorial plate, White army, the Red Army.

Information technologies and information wars

L.A. Gamaeva, D.V. Voylova
Annotation

The article deals with the problem of using modern information technologies for aggressive purposes. In combination with extremist, nationalist and racist actions, they can disrupt the stable situation and remove any government from power, both in the most developed and backward States. The world community has seen this many times on the example of many States (Libya, Afghanistan, Iraq, etc.), which suggests that the problem of information warfare in the modern world is not just very urgent, but really vital. Information war is seen as a skillful presentation of the necessary information helps to create certain moods and cause a reaction. Information technology is a means of waging information wars. The article provides an analysis of the proposed solutions to the problem of the “information arms race».

Keywords: information technology, global community, stability, information warfare, information warfare, the conduct of the war.

Specialties of the use of kuban realties at foreign language classes in the form of projects

M.I. GubskiI, O.N. Likhacheva
Annotation

The article is dedicated to the questions of regional material use at foreign language classes in a non-linguistic university. This material is recommended in the form of projects that simplify the language studying process and let students realize their knowledge and skills on practice. Such projects will facilitate the development of oral and written speech of non-linguistic students, eliminate psychological pressure and language barrier. In addition we should say that such activity develops students’ outlook, general culture and firms patriotic feelings.

Keywords: Kuban regional science, projective methods, communication, oral, written speech, regional component, realties .

Detection and minimization of production risks

M.V. Dvydnenko, N.M. Privalova, A.K. Prokopieva
Annotation

The article considers and analyzes the risks of production activities of the organization and their impact on the sales of products of the organization. By results of the analysis it is possible to notice that the correct and effective method of stimulation of sale of production positively influences annual economic effect, and also on decrease in risks connected with industrial activity of the organisation.

Keywords: risk management, organization, production risks, advertising, sales stimulation, methods of sales stimulation, economic effect, economic activity.

20-30 years of the twentieth century : cultural revolution and change of mentality of the population of the USSR

E.D. Kovaleva, A.S. Bochkareva
Annotation

In the article the questions of the cultural revolution 20-30 g of XX century in the USSR, speaking of one of the component parts of the process of transition from capitalist system to a socialist. It is emphasized that the cultural revolution implied a change in the spiritual life of society, the regulation of public consciousness on the basis of Marxist-Leninist ideology. Attention is drawn to the fact that the country has done a tremendous job of reforming the worldview of the older and the education of the younger generation on the model of Communist ideology and morality, Patriotic education and internationalism, collectivist psychology. It is concluded that the cultural revolution took the direction of creating a completely new culture — “socialist” in content and “international” in nature.

Keywords: cultural revolution, intellectuals, spiritual life, creativity, agitation, propaganda.

Philosophical models of education in the xx century (existentialism and neothomism)

L.V. Korsakova, O.N. Opletaeva
Annotation

The article is devoted to the function of education, which is granted to it by the leading philosophical trends of the twentieth century. The authors test the hypothesis that the functions of the educational system are strictly determined by the needs of society. These social determinants take the form of ideals, basic philosophical ideas. Thus, the crisis perception of the world, which arose in European culture as a result of the First and Second world wars, the expansive development of science and increasing its impact on the daily life of man in the world, led to a reconsideration of traditional importance of education. It is shown that in existentialism the case of the school is understood as the creation of the necessary conditions for the student to find himself in this world, to determine the quality of his personality, to find the meaning of his existence. In neothomism also develops the idea that the main thing is the soul, the image of God in man, so education should be based on the primacy of the spiritual principle, and the Church is endowed with the same powers as the school.

Keywords: education, upbringing, existentialism, existence, neothomism, God.

Educational utopias on philosophy (comparative analysis of the ideas by A. Saint-Simon, СH. Fourier, R. Owen)

L.V. Korsakova, O.N. Opletaeva
Annotation

The urgency of the research, which is devoted to the article, is determined by the lasting position of the Russian educational system, which can be characterized as a transitional, developing, crisis situation or as integrating into the international educational area. All educational structures are focused on searching methods to overcome the crisis, building a system more perfect than it is. This research is based on the assumption that any change in the education system should be associated with a change in its philosophical principles, the most important of which is the idea of the social function of education. Authors have identified the mechanisms of dependence between the structure of society and educational and pedagogical ideals through the analysis of historical and philosophical content. The research was made out on the substance of the doctrines of representatives of socialists-utopians (A. Saint-Simon, Ch. Fourier, R. Owen) during the industrialization of leading European countries.

Keywords: utopian socialism, education, upbringing, industry.

Specialties of preparing non-linguistic students for passing the FCE exam on the example of the oral component

O.N. Likhacheva
Annotation

Modern society needs more and more specialists mastering a foreign language at least at the intermediate level. However it is not easy to prepare such a professional because of little interest to a foreign language in the context of a non-linguistic university. To increase students’ motivation a certain optimization of the academic process is created which implies additional education in the sphere of a foreign language. In this case it is relevant to consider international courses as the component facilitating the motivation development to study a foreign language and developing a foreign language communicative competence of a modern student. This article covers the specialties of realization of the oral component of this competence that is of speaking.

Keywords: motivation, component, speaking, communicative competence, perception, learning.

Mutual scientific activity as means of non-linguistic students’ creative abilities development

O.N. Likhacheva
Annotation

The problem of mutual scientific projects with students is getting more power and their wish to invent something or research something is worth praising especially in modern conditions. This article covers aspects of developing students’ scientific skills and to be more exact aspects of formation students’ and teachers’ inner motivation, studying subtleties of project methods as far as technical students go, formation of scientific works writing skills with the help of foreign sources in the English language.

Keywords: creative, creative potential, motivation, eagerness, discussion, round table, skills, talks, written speech .

The development of russian education among the mountaineers of the north Caucasus in the 30-60-ies. the nineteenth century

R.A. Molodykh, M.A. Lavrentieva
Annotation

The article deals with the formation and development of Russian education among the highlanders of the North Caucasus during the Caucasian war. Introduction of mountaineers to the Russian education was considered by the authorities as the most important condition of formation of loyalty of local population to the Russian state. Despite the complexity and inconsistency of the process of development of education in the 30-60-ies. XIX he created the conditions for the subsequent formation of the system of Russian secular education in the region. It is concluded that the Russian authorities at the final stage of the Caucasian war carried out systematic efforts to develop Russian education among the highlanders of the North Caucasus, which was considered as one of the most important means of their integration into the Russian geopolitical space.

Keywords: Northern Caucasia, education, training, educational institution, curriculum.

The hunger in Kuban in the 1930s of the xx century: on the problem statement

A.SH. Naptsok, A.S. Bochkareva
Annotation

This paper discusses issues related to such events of the first third of the twentieth century as the famine of the 1930s in the Kuban. The paper attempts to identify the main reasons behind the events of 1932-1933. It is emphasized that many documents of that time are still classified, materials containing information about the number of victims have been destroyed, which does not allow to give a complete, reliable, comprehensive description of these events. Attention is drawn to the fact that this work can not recreate the full picture of hunger in the Kuban, but only is the basis for reasoning and further research on this topic.

Keywords: hunger, "black boards", industrialization, collectivization, collective farms, terror.

To the question of patriotic education of posredstvom oral stories: from the memoirs of veterans of the Great Patriotic war of 1941-1945. A.V. Anishenko

A.N. Novozhenova, A.S. Bochkareva, M.A. Lavrentieva
Annotation

The article deals with the issues of Patriotic education through oral history. The emphasis is on the recollections of a resident of the village and Park district coach Alexander Vasilievich Anisenko as a family member of the dispossessed, as a participant of the great Patriotic war and as a prisoner of war, held seven of the German camps. Attention is paid to his biography after the great Patriotic war. It is concluded that memories as an important historical source refer to oral history and, for the most part, consider the subjective experience of one person who survived the events of the great Patriotic war of 1941-1945. But at the same time they make an invaluable contribution to the preservation of historical memory of the tragic and heroic events of our history and contribute to the Patriotic education of the younger generation.

Keywords: war, memories, veteran, concentration camp, repression, Tikhoretsk, the Great Patriotic war.

The world as a text: the positive and negative aspects of the postmodern concept

O.N. Opletaeva, L.V. Korsakovа
Annotation

The article is devoted to the consideration of such idea of postmodern philosophy as the total semiotization of being, expressed in the concept of “the world as a text”. Based on a significant research tradition in this matter, the authors introduce an element of novelty by identifying in this concept the opposite semantic modes. There is a methodological significance of the principle of “textualization” of the world between them. It goes beyond both the philosophy of postmodern, and undoubtedly its richer aesthetic practice.

Keywords: postmodernism, structuralism, poststructuralism, meaning, text, intertext, self-developing system.

Specific features of the national philosophy of education: activities of K.D. Ushinsky and A.S. Makarenko

O.N. Opletaeva, L.V. Korsakovа
Annotation

The article is devoted to the consideration of educational models by K. D. Ushinsky and A. S. Makarenko. Authors turned to the domestic philosophical and pedagogical tradition, developing the idea of mutual conditioning of the education system and socio-historical, political realities. It was shown that the domestic philosophy of education arises as a direct consequence (post-reflection) of already implemented in practice educational systems. Its ideals and basic principles were formulated after the educators created their educational institutions.

Keywords: Ushinsky's pedagogy, Makarenko's pedagogy, personality, personal and public, work.

The phenomenon of surrogate motherhood in the russian legislation

I.A. Khronova, D.S. Rezneva
Annotation

The article focuses on the issues of surrogacy. Legislative regulation of surrogacy is extremely complex, as it affects aspects of several types of law: civil, family, administrative and medical. All of them permeate each other, so these legal relations are complex. However, in Russia the law refers to surrogacy in the most loyal way. The state family policy is an integral part of the social policy of the Russian Federation. At the same time, in the legislation of the Russian Federation there is a conflict of regulations, as well as an acute problem of the formation of medical law.

Keywords: surrogacy, sources of legal regulation of surrogacy, surrogacy contract, problems of surrogacy in Russia.

History of formation and development of the institute of mortgage in the Russian Federation

I.A. Khronova, D.S. Rezneva
Annotation

This article analyzes the main stages of the establishment of the institution of mortgage, paid attention to the problems of its development. In the entire history of Russian market reforms, the mortgage lending system has undergone many changes. Today, the main objective of the Mortgage Lending Program is the use of real estate and land pledge as a mechanism for attracting financial resources necessary for the development of production, which can be used in the development of the construction industry. This article describes in detail the main stages of the historical development of mortgage lending in Russia from its inception to modernity. The subject of the article was a historical review of the key concepts of civil law in the field of mortgage lending.

Keywords: mortgage, mortgage, housing loan, mortgage bank, development of mortgage lending in Russia.

Problems of scientometrics

E.A. Shumkov
Annotation

The article discusses the problems of the Russian science citation index and scientometrics in general: unequal opportunities for different areas of science, small circulation of scientific journals, the quality of scientific publications, the commercialization of scientific publications, the artificial increase in the citation index and some others. The positive and negative sides of the Hirsch index are highlighted. It is noted that in the calculation of the “scientist index” there must be a component that takes into account the practical significance of his work. A number of ways to overcome a negative situation have been proposed.

Keywords: bibliometry, scientific results, publication activity, quoting, webometrics, Hirsch index, h-index, BigData.

Synthesis of 1-(4-nitrophenyl)-5-(4-n,n-dimethylbenzylidene)pyrrolin-2-оne

S.D. Burlaka, G.F. Muzychenko
Annotation

It is shown that pyrrolinone at the expense of mobile hydrogen atoms of the methylene link is able to react crotonic condensation with aromatic aldehydes. The interaction of 1-(4-nitrophenyl)pyrroline-2-one with, n-N,N-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde was studied. The physicochemical characteristics of the obtained 1-(4-nitrophenyl)-5-(4-N,N-dimethylbenzylidene)pyrroline-2-ons are presented. The composition is proved by elemental analysis. The structure is confirmed by PMR and IR spectra.

Keywords: synthesis, pyrrolidone, condensation, spectra.

Environmental aspects of pesticide use for the production of safe products

S.D. Burlaka, A.A. Alekseeva
Annotation

In this article the chemical properties of some groups of pesticides are studied. The influence of the structure on the toxicological properties of drugs is analyzed. The factors influencing transformations of pesticides in the environment are considered. It is shown that the control of pesticide residues will significantly reduce the negative effects of pesticides.

Keywords: products, pesticides, toxicity, fungicides, insecticides.

Reaction between 1-(4-nitrophenyl)pyrrolin-2-ona with hydrazine and its derivatives

S.D. Burlaka, G.F. Muzychenko
Annotation

Investigated the reaction of condensation pyrrolinone derivative of hydrazine. Possible ways of reaction are shown and their mechanism is explained. The structure of the obtained molecules is proved by modern physical and chemical methods of analysis. The corresponding methods of synthesis of initial compounds and reaction products are given.

Keywords: heterocyclic compounds, pyrrolinones, hydrazine, condensation, IR, PMR spectra.

The use of massage to prepare athletes and improve the overall condition of the body

S.V. Korotko, A.S. Sukmanyuk, L.A. Oleynikova
Annotation

One of the oldest and proven for a long time to use its effectiveness by promoting health, prevention and treatment of various diseases is massage. Since ancient times, people in different countries knew about its health effects on all body systems and successfully used it. In the world there are many types of massage: Thai, Filipino, Hawaiian, Swedish and many others. Massage is important in the preparation of athletes, both during training sessions and during the competition. Sport great achievements can not be imagined without the work of highly qualified specialists in the field of massage. The article describes the effectiveness of massage for the main systems and organs of the human body. The effect of massage on the skin, muscles, nervous, circulatory and lymphatic systems is considered in detail. Massage can and should be successfully used in the training of our University athletes, as well as for the health of employees and teachers.

Keywords: Sports massage, muscle system, skin, training regime, relaxation, recovery of the body, blood and lymphatic systems, self-massage.

Justification of parameters of hydrodynamic installation for cooling air in workplaces

V.R. Alab'ev, R.A. Tishin, V.A. Bezborodov, O.V. Plaksienko, E.A.Yakovenko
Annotation

In deep coal mines, mining operations approached the mark with a rock temperature of 50 °C. The air temperature in the workplace reaches 35 °C and above, which is much higher than the permissible safety standards. Normalization of thermal conditions is carried out mainly by means of ventilation measures and artificial air cooling, which requires significant material and time costs. However, in the mines, there are jobs limited area (not more than 3 m along the length of the production) in which the normalization of the microclimate through the above measures to implement economically feasible. In such cases, the improvement of the microclimate can be carried out with the help of relatively simple in terms of design and low-cost installations using the hydroelectric effect.
The paper presents the theoretical basis for determining the energy efficiency of hydrodynamic air temperature reduction based on water dispersion to solve the problems of labor protection. Rational geometric relations of parameters for the diffuser–confusor chamber of the hydrodynamic installation: lengths, cross sections, angles of opening are substantiated. The nature of the change and the optimal velocity of the air-droplet mixture in the diffuser-confusor device are determined.

Keywords: labour protection, temperature of air, hydrodynamic process, ejecting of air, diffuser, confuser.

The system of catering service organization for agricultural workers to increase ability to work during harvest

A. V. Barpashov, E. I. Ovchinnikova
Annotation

This article analyses some factors of working process for agricultural workers during season period because their regime is a rush job. This may be one reason of their fatigability as a result a dangerous – trauma situation may appear.
One of the reason for this situation is a poor catering service organization for agricultural workers during harvest period.
So a special diet was discussed in this article. Some factors were very important:
– speciality of this occupation
– action to meet the demands of labour protection law and avoid dangerous traumatic situation.
Thus taking into consideration modern policy of labour protection all these actions are developed to avoid trauma situation and preserve worker s health.

Keywords: catering service, during harvest, trauma situation, system discussion of catering service.

Ways to improve the methodology of special assessment of working conditions in terms of taking into account the influence of climatic factors on microclimate parameters work places

M.S. Bodnya, S.V. Kalashnikov
Annotation

The article analyzes the imperfections of the methodology for conducting a special assessment of working conditions in terms of not taking into account the nature of the influence of the environment on the microclimate parameters of workplaces located outside buildings and structures. Recommendations on making changes that will ensure greater objectivity of the results obtained, especially in regions with adverse climatic conditions, are given.

Keywords: labor protection, special assessment of working conditions, microclimate parameters, climatic features, methods.

Reducing the level of accidents and injuries in construction

I. I. Volkov, O.M. Vahrucheva
Annotation

The author of this article considers the problem of injuries and accidents in construction. The purpose is to study the causes of emergency hazards encountered in construction activities. This is the list of frequently occurring accidents, the probable ways of solutions to reduce and the introduction of rules to protect workers ‘ rights, addressing the major points of work in this region. Attention is drawn to the creation of the service and the work of specialists in labor protection to prevent mistakes by workers in the process of professional activity.

Keywords: work, labor protection, production, builders, safety.

Trends in changing types of occupational injuries

M.V. Grafkina, V.I. Korolev
Annotation

In Russian Federation attends the constant attention about the issues of labor protection and reduction of industrial injuries like at the state level and at manufacturing enterprises. However, the indicators of industrial injuries like fatal and serious injuries are quite common. The conducted researches, statistics analysis (according to the data of the Rostrud and the Federal State Statistics Service) and the construction of predicted changes in the types of industrial accidents, allows us to determine areas where extra efforts are needed like at the state level and in organizations to improve systems about control of labor protection, the development extra measures for security industrial processes , the methods of control and supervision for labor protection and work management, training the workers methods of the safety execution of technological operations.

Keywords: occupational injuries, occupational Safety and Health, analysis of causes of injury.

To the question about the prevention of occupational diseases and occupational injuries among workers of the main occupations of people employed in construction

V. L. Grebnev, A. A., Chainikova, T. F. Maksimenko
Annotation

The article describes the main professions of the construction complex, occupational diseases, injuries, studied the types of medical examinations (preliminary and periodic), instructions for labor protection.
Their features and role in the organization of labor process are shown. Attention is focused on the prevention of occupational diseases and industrial injuries by improving working conditions and compliance with the rules of professional activity of workers employed in construction.

Keywords: medical examination, instruction on labor protection, harmful and dangerous production factor in construction, labor activity, prevention, traumatism, occupational disease.

Equation of electric field surface electrolytic type portable grounders and calculated electric soil structure models

D.V. Lomonosovа, V.I. Demin
Annotation

The article focuses on the problem of electrical safety for mobile electrical installations (MEI), which are log lifters, logging stations and laboratories of a perforator station during geophysical surveys of oil and gas wells. The analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the existing protective earthing system and the directions for its improvement, namely the use of electrolytic type portable grounding earthing devices (PGEDET), have been carried out.
The paper considers the results of the analysis of structures of PGEDET, the results of experimental studies of their prototypes, their physical and mathematical models, which allowed to determine the shape of the body of electrolyte spreading under PGEDET as a truncated rotation ellipsoid, the dimensions of which depend on the radius of the permeable bottom of the grounding model and the volume of spilled liquid . The equations of the electric field of PGEDET and the computational model of the electric structure of the soil are composed.
It has been concluded that when developing a mathematical model of a PGEDET, it is possible to accept the electrical structure of the soil as a uniform conducting half-space.

Keywords: electrical safety, electrical installation, mobile electrical installation, electric receiver, earthing switch, surface portable earthing switch of electrolytic type.

Estimation of reasons of traumatism on coal mines by structural-probabilistic method

V.YU. Derevyanskiy
Annotation

The ground of development of new facilities of defense of miners and planning of measures on prevention of traumatism on the basis of analysis of happenings accidents foresees the quantitative estimation of influence of reasons on a traumatism. The analysis of the known methods of estimation of reasons rotined that the most comfortable method of decision of such tasks is a probabilistic method. However there are objective difficulties of receipt of probabilistic values of reasons, conditioned by a display in the mines of the natural phenomena, by non-fulfillment of organizational-technical and organizational safety measures, and also conscious feasance of dangerous effects workers, responsible persons. In these terms a large value is acquired by development of methods of estimation of reasons on the basis of structure of function of danger of the mine production system. The structural-probabilistic method of estimation of reasons of accidents is offered in the article, in which «ponderability» of reason is numeral equal to probability of traumatism, estimated reason equal 1, and probability of origin of all other reasons, equal 0,5, calculated at probability. The example of ranging of reasons of accidents is considered with the use of this method.

Keywords: accident, traumatism, mine production system, function of danger of system, situation of injury of the person, the reason, probability.

Experience of introduction of control system by production and labour on enterprises of coal industry protection

V.Yu. Derevyanskiy, V.Е. Gerasimenko, N.L. Musatova, О.G. Kremenev, V.I. MUSHENKO, I.Yu. Golik
Annotation

In 2010 Control system by a production and labour protection was inculcated in coal industry of Ukraine (SUPOT). This system united the Good-looking system and Control system by a labour protection first. In connection with that in 2013 the term of action of trial standard, regulating the requirements of SUPOT outflowed, there was a necessity of development of the proper normative document for coal industry of Donetsk People’s Republic. In the article the basic results of introduction of SUPOT are resulted in 2010-2013 in coal industry of Ukraine, and also analysis of remarks and suggestions to this control system, actings from the coal enterprises of Donetsk People’s Republic. The got results rotined the rightness of the accepted decision about the association of the Good-looking system and Control system by a labour protection, and allowed to formulate basic directions of further development of SUPOT.

Keywords: coal mine, control system, production, labour protection, traumatism, post instruction.

Improvement of regulatory framework for construction of safe coal-face machines and komplexes

V.V. Didenko, E.I. Sovetova, V.Yu. Dereviyanskiy, I.P. Goroshko, N.L. Musatova
Annotation

This research paper presents the analysis of both general and lethal occupational injuries in coal industry of Ukraine before 2013 as a period of most intensive coal production has been carried out based on factor “machines and mechanisms”, as well as the analysis of percentage of this factor in general structure of injuries according to all hazardous production factors; analysis of distribution of lethal injuries in coal industry over types of machines, analysis of reports of special investigations of accidents for the purpose of development of measurements for prevention of reoccurrence of accidents causes in the future. On basis of the results obtained the safety requirements for coal-face machines are developed, which will be included in regulatory legal act on labour safety “Coal-face machines, complexes and devices. Safety requirements”.

Keywords: mine, hazardous production factor, machines and mechanisms, analysis, injury rate, accident, construction, safety requirements.

Development of test sheets for monitoring the implementation of mandatory protection of labor protection in the construction industry

A.А. Kimberg, A.V. Aleksandrova
Annotation

In the Program of control and oversight activity reforms in Russia until 2025, one of the target indicators is the increase of the effectiveness of the organization of control and supervision activities against the background of the growth of the quality of administration of control and supervision functions. The article shows the problem sides in modernizing the system for assessing the effectiveness of supervisory and control activities in compliance with the state regulatory requirements of labor protection, carried out by the territorial bodies of Rostrud. This critical assessment of the applied indicators in assessing the effectiveness of state occupational injections is given. Measures and indicators, the introduction of which in the assessment system may contribute to a more objective and adequate analysis of the effectiveness of the activities of the territorial bodies of Rostrud as part of their supervision and control of compliance with state regulatory requirements of labor protection, are proposed.

Keywords: government modernization, supervisory activity, system of evaluation of work efficiency, process of work activity, quality of work.

Structural-functional model of the regional competition of professional skill “the best specialist of labor protection in Krasnodar krai»

A. E. Kalingan , S. J. Marinin
Annotation

The article presents the results of a study on the development of structural and functional model of the competition of professional skills “the Best specialist in labor protection of the Krasnodar region”. The goals and objectives of the competition, principles, approaches, methods and stages of the competition. A sequence of preparatory activities and their content in terms of organizational and methodological issues.

Keywords: competition of professional skill, structural and functional scheme, modeling.

Development procedures “production control” for management information system of the refinery

E. M. Neradovskaya, S. J. Marinin
Annotation

The article presents the results of research on the development of procedures for the organization and conduct of production control at the refinery on the basis of the process approach. The context diagram of the procedure and its decomposition are given. The application of this approach will improve the organizational level of management on industrial safety, to reduce accidents and injuries.

Keywords: production control, process approach, context diagram.

Thermal insulation of roadway walls as a method for thermal conditions control in deep mines

YU.A. Plotnikova, N.I. Maybenko, A.A. Martynov
Annotation

This research paper provides the results of investigation of thermal insulation of roadway walls in relation to mine air microclimate formation in deep mines and combined mines. The analysis has been conducted of known methods of thermal insulation of a rock massif in mine openings. The main advantages of the new method for thermal insulation of roadway walls proposed are presented as well as its positive influence on mine air microclimate formation in deep mines. As a variant of such device for thermal insulation it is proposed to use flexible container with air. The device for thermal insulation proposed is patented.

Keywords: deep mine, mine opening, microclimate, rock massif, thermal insulation, air temperature, control.

Efficiency of control and oversight activities in the labor of agro industrial complex

A.V. Reshetnikova, T.K. Novikova
Annotation

The article discusses the effectiveness labor control activities in agriculture. The level of industrial injuries and its causes over the past 5 years, both in various types of economic activity and in the agricultural sector, in particular, has been examined. One method of improving the effectiveness labor control activities is to revise the application of risk-based approach. For example, the violation is considered a measure of punishment and its effectiveness. It is proposed to toughen penalties for violations of labor laws.

Keywords: labor protection, labor legislation, risk-based approach, risk category, injuries, agro industrial complex, scheduled inspections, unscheduled inspections.

Approaches to the assessment of professional risk

N.V. Rumyantseva, YU.V. Logvinova, A.I. Ulyanov
Annotation

In this article, the authors consider the problems associated with the lack of a single approved methodology for assessing professional risks faced by the employer during the risk assessment procedure at the enterprise. Described one of the cases of the practical application of occupational risk assessment on the example of the profession of the engineer of the boiler room, which turned out mixed results, neposkytuje the employer to plan further activities for the protection of labor.

Keywords: Occupational safety, occupational risk, working conditions, employee, occupational diseases, industrial injuries.

Identification and hazard assessment for health of vegetable oils workers

ZH.P. Soloveva, A.V. Nikonenko, YU.A. Brazhnikova
Annotation

Statistical analysis of accidents at production workers in the food processing industry shows that during operation of the equipment level of risk of injury is quite high. This article is devoted to the topical problem of identification of hazards associated with professional activity, and the assessment of health risks of workers in the workshop, cold pressed Flaxseed. Describes the stages of hazard identification and risk assessment at workplaces on the basis of expertise and techniques of risk ranking. Performed identification of hazards to workers health, assessment of risks, development of measures aimed at risk management in the field of labour protection and the ways of applying the results of research to risk management of the working environment and labor process. An example of documenting the results of the study.

Keywords: hazard identification, risk, employees health, labour protection, system of safety management.

Organizational and technical actions to improve labor conditions in the painting workshop of the motor transport enterprise

N.V. Solonnikova, A. A. Zamula
Annotation

The priority of life and health of workers, as well as the improvement of working conditions is an important indicator of the federal social and economic policy of our state, as well as the activities of the employer. From the state of working conditions depends on the level of human performance, his health, attitude to work, results and increased productivity. In this regard, the urgent issue is the creation of comfortable working conditions. The paper analyzes numerical indicators for industrial accidents and occupational diseases according to the All-Russian Classifier of Economic Activities 45.2 – Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles in the Russian Federation.
The purpose of this work is to analyze the existing working conditions in the paint shop of a motor transportation company and to develop organizational and technical measures to improve working conditions in the workplace of an autometal. To normalize the air environment in the paint shop, it was proposed to introduce a paint-drying chamber with air-and-exhaust ventilation on the painting site. A draft ventilation system was developed, the calculation was made and the equipment was selected.

Keywords: analysis of occupational injuries, harmful production factor, actions for improvement of working conditions, painting drying chamber.

Economic efficiency of financing activities to improve labor conditions at work places in CJSC «Alexandria»

N.V. Solonnikova, A.A. Shaygardanova
Annotation

Investing in labor protection is more profitable compared to the costs incurred by employers in connection with work accidents and occupational diseases. In this regard, the urgent issue is to study and solve problems related to the life and health of staff, creating comfortable and safe working conditions. The main purpose of measures to improve working conditions is the health of the employee, the development of his personality, increase efficiency, increase employee interest in the work performed. To improve working conditions, approximately one quarter of all planned expenses are spent, which on average pays off in 3–5 years. The economic efficiency of the implementation of measures to improve working conditions is reflected in the reduction of labor costs per unit of production and manifests itself ultimately in improving production efficiency. The purpose of this work is to determine the economic efficiency of financing measures to improve working conditions at workplaces in CJSC Alexandria.

Keywords: wet-heat treatment shop, economic efficiency, harmful production factor, financing of measures to improve working conditions.

Hazards of crafts and prevention of professional diseases

A.V. Fedosov, I.R. Danieva, R.R. Valeeva
Annotation

This article addresses the issues of diagnosis and prevention of occupational diseases of workers. A description of various occupational diseases is presented – from functional overvoltage to the impact of biological factors. The main causes of the development of occupational morbidity are considered. Analyzed the health status of the population. The factors affecting the health and life of workers are identified. The ways of creating working conditions that meet the requirements of preserving the life and health of workers in the course of their work are defined. The paper describes the goals of conducting periodic medical examinations, offers an analysis of life expectancy in the Russian Federation for 2024, and analyzes various hazards to an employee’s health that increase the likelihood of developing diseases, their progression and adverse outcome. A list of the main tasks in the field of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance of safe working conditions is also provided.

Keywords: occupational diseases, working conditions, prevention, health, production factors, occupational risk.

Evaluation of professional risk and management of them

A. V. Fedosov, I. R. Danieva, R. R. Valeeva
Annotation

The article deals with the actual problem – professional risk assessment and management. The definitions of such important concepts as “risk” and “professional risk” are given. The purpose of the study is to assess the risk associated with human labor and ways to ensure the safety of the production process. In the course of the work, the main methods for assessing possible hazards are presented. The ways of risk management in the enterprise, the prevention of their possible consequences, the manifestation of which can harm the health and life of the employee, have been studied. Lists preventive measures and basic indicators of the effectiveness of preventive measures taken to assess the riskiness of an employee of the organization. Analyzed regulatory documents that establish the requirements for the assessment of various types of risk that workers in the workplace may be subjected to.

Keywords: occupational risk, labor protection, occupational diseases, harmful and dangerous factors.

Analysis of the level of industrial injuries and the identification of risk factors (on the example of Pukhovichsky district of the Minsk region)

M.S. Finevich, V.V. Litvyak, A.N. Batyan
Annotation

The article is devoted to the analysis of industrial injuries and risk factors in the territory of the Pukhovichsky district of the Minsk region for the period from 2013 to 2018. With the help of a retrospective analysis, an increase in the level of occupational injuries in 2018 was set at 0.26 cases per 1000 employees compared to 2013. When analyzing industrial accidents by types of economic activity, it was found that the highest percentage of injuries is observed in agriculture (40,17%). A survey among the employees of enterprise «Mashpishcheprod» showed that the main risk factors are low physical activity and a short time spent in the fresh air. The results show the need to develop measures to reduce the level of industrial injuries in the territory of the Pukhovichi district.

Keywords: industrial injury rate, industrial accident, questioning.

Assessment of professional risks in industrial enterprises: examples of registration of professional risk cards

L.I. Khairullina, O.A. Tuchkova, G.N. Zinnatullina
Annotation

In article questions of assessment of professional risks taking into account the last regulatory requirements are considered. Assessment of professional risks is a component part of the general management of industrial safety and one of the main components of the occupational safety management system. The main criteria and elements of search of professional risks are generalized, variants of filling of maps of assessment of professional risks are offered. It is noted that competently made maps of professional risks can contribute to the reduction of occupational injuries, the development of a study program of training the safety of personnel of the enterprise and improve the safety culture of the enterprise as a whole.

Keywords: evaluation of occupational risks, the map of occupational risks, management system of occupational safety, analyze safety.

Research of factors assisting to the development of tuberculosis, on the example of the working population of Minsk city

E.N. Khrustalyova, V.V. Litvyak, A.N. Batyan
Annotation

Tuberculosis remains one of the most serious threats in the world. The problem of tuberculosis is inextricably linked not only with the enormous pressures on the health care system, but also the losses in the economies of the countries, since mainly tuberculosis affects the working-age population. This article analyzes the predisposing factors for the development of tuberculosis among the residents of Minsk city on the basis of the questionnaire developed by us, consisting of 21 closed questions. 72 respondents participated in the survey. 12.5% of respondents work in hazardous industries. It has been established that not all respondents are sufficiently aware of tuberculosis and the factors contributing to its development. It was revealed that among the working persons involved in the study, 11.11% abused alcohol, 2.78% use drugs, 45.83% have chronic pathology.

Keywords: tuberculosis, predisposing factor, questionnaire, able-bodied population.

Some aspects of electrical safety at operation of electric equipment of drilling rig

V.V. Engovatova, A.I. Gaydamashko, A.R. Stepanyan, V.V. Morozov
Annotation

The article provides information on possible technical solutions to protect people from electric shock. The power equipment which protection has to be carried out by means of grounding is presented. The classification of electrical equipment (in accordance with GOST 25861-83) and the characteristic of each class. Particular attention is paid to the observance of the necessary conditions for grounding the conductive parts connected by the IT system. Information on electrical networks grounded according to the scheme with the isolated neutral is given. The main advantages and disadvantages of this mode are shown. The scheme of a network with the isolated neutral and protective grounding of electrical installation is resulted. The values of the resistance (constant in any period of the year) of the grounding device to which the neutral of the generator, transformer or the terminals of the single-phase current source are connected are indicated.

Keywords: classification of the electric equipment of drilling rig, drilling rig ground, artificial ground, protection of electrical equipment of the rig.

Improving the efficiency of elimination of oil spills during operation of fuel oil economy of SDPP

V.R. Alabev, V.M. Solomeina
Annotation

Significant threat to populations and to the environment are the responsibility of the operation of the state regional power plants operating on fuel oil. To prevent pollution of the atmosphere, underground and surface waters it is necessary to carry out timely and qualitatively works on prevention, localization and liquidation of emergency spills of oil products. Improving the efficiency and safety of work to eliminate such accidents is planned to be achieved through the timely detection of such accidents, improving the quality of monitoring of welds of steel structures of oil tanks, the use of modern high-performance sorbents, the use of personal protective equipment of the new generation. Timely detection of oil spills is proposed to be carried out with the help of portable alarms of combustible gases, such as the device SGG-20mikro, providing an alarm on exceeding explosive concentrations of combustible gases and vapors of flammable liquids in the air in excess of the set values in places potentially dangerous for oil spills. Quality control of welds and the main material of steel structures of oil tanks is proposed to be carried out with the help of universal ultrasonic flaw detector USD-60, which has advanced functions. As a sorbent for the elimination of oil pollution, it is proposed to use polyurethane hydrophobic granular sorbent of the ol-EX ALL WETTER brand, which has a high absorption capacity and low bulk density. For protection of the personnel of fuel oil economy of power plants it is offered to use the full mask of 3M of the 6800 series having the improved functional characteristics.

Keywords: state district power plant, oil products, fuel oil, gas analyzer, flaw detector, granular sorbent, PPE.

The choiсe of the type of fire detectors for the transport workshop on manufacturing facility of ferroconcrete products

V.R. Alabev, I.A. Khoroshilov
Annotation

Fire safety of the object is determined by the automatic fire extinguishing system ability to find out the source of the ignition in advance. The State-of-the-art and main requirements to fire systems is that they should be able to locate the fire at the beginning stage of the ignition. This is the most actual for automatic fire extinguishing systems at large manufacturing facilities.
This work presents an analysis of the possible options in equipping the automatic fire extinguishing system with fire detectors for the transport workshop structural subdivisions on manufacturing facility of ferroconcrete products. Characteristic features of considered units are analysed. Common sources of ignition, and factors affecting the working capacity of fire systems were identified for each sector. Also these factors may affect on finding out the ignition source in a proper time. The comprehensive analysis of all factors and features of workshop to find out the more suitable fire detectors is summarized in this work.

Keywords: The manufacturing facility of ferroconcrete products, petrol filling st. oil products, fire, fire detector.

Experience of introduction of telemechanics systems of STN-3000 gas distribution station of magnitogorsk linear production elastic as a factor of increase of industrial safety of the gas transportation system

E. I. Vasfieva, L. A. Pashinyan
Annotation

The article analyzes the possible risks of accidents during the operation of the Magnitogorsk linear production Department of the MG LLC “Gazprom Transgaz Ekaterinburg”. Emphasis is Placed on improving industrial safety by introducing best practices using the system of tele-mechanics of the STN-3000 with the purpose of automated control of technological objects of the gas transportation industry. The functional possibilities of the system of Telemechanics of STN-3000 are Analyzed, its general structure is shown, advantages and disadvantages of the system are defined.
It is concluded that with the introduction of the system Telemechanics STN-3000 increases the reliability of technological complexes, eliminates the risk of accidents that negatively affect the stability of gas supply consumers, reduced human impact factor In the process of operation of technological objects, improves the quality of control of drives and objects in general.

Keywords: Gas distribution station, accident, gas industry, Industrial safety, automated management, risk management.

The simulation of the development of negative fire factors

M.V. Grafkina, T. Kazikyan
Annotation

In this article cosidered the causes and dangers of fires in industrial premises. Provides statistical data of the causes of fires and proposed the methods to reduce the fire risk, minimizing the negative factors of fire. Researches are conducted to modeling the negative factors of fire, depending of the different characteristics of production premises using the Fenix + program. Based of the obtained data, the dependences of visibility, oxygen content in the air, temperature on time are constructed. Proposed measures are aimed to protecting the people in the danger zone from identified fire factors. Conducted researches allow us to determine the premises, where the occurrence of fire is most dangerous characterized by the shortest time to reach the limiting values of the fire factors under investigation, and also to offer the most optimal options for fire prevention measures to reduce the impact of negative factors.

Keywords: negative factors of fire, fire risk, production facilities, visibility, temperature, oxygen content, evacuation.

Fire danger of electrical installations: model and prognoses

T.V. Eremina, I.A. Shanygin
Annotation

The article discusses the state of fire safety of electrical installations, electrical equipment at the objects of the agro-industrial complex. The main cause of fire danger is a small residual life of electrical installations associated with ineffective organizational and technical measures and problems of an economic and legislative nature. Management analysis and the construction of a forecasting scenario model makes it possible to determine a probabilistic assessment of risk and consequences (damage) from fires. The scenario method makes it possible to obtain objective information about the risks of fire in electrical installations in order to develop guidelines for ensuring a standardized level of safety. When creating a fire forecasting system, short-term and medium-term forecasting is carried out and the effectiveness of the implementation of basic measures and electrical protective equipment is assessed, as well as the planning of preventive measures to protect the population and the environment.

Keywords: Safety, electrical installation, fire risk, risk management model, scenario forecasting, probabilistic assessment, damage.

On the development of kaizen activities in the framework of the national project to increase productivity

I.T. Zaika
Annotation

The interim results of the state program to increase labor productivity in medium and large enterprises of the basic non-primary sectors of the economy in 15 constituent entities of the Russian Federation are considered. The analysis of statistical data and ways of dealing with losses in the optimization of product flows, which have a large share in the company’s revenue and the methods used in this process, which made it possible to obtain the shortest process time in the flow, was carried out.

Keywords: kaizen, Lean, labor productivity, state program, production efficiency, flow, flow time in the process, federal center of competence.

Fire hazard analysis of oil treatment for primary refining

E.O. Kargapolova, G.V. Kravchenko, A.YU. Shuvalova
Annotation

The article examines the multistage process being undertaken at unified oil processing unit. Four main stages are considered: degassing (separation), dehydration, desalting, stabilization. Based on fire hazard analysis fire causes of the main process equipment are identified, preventive measures are given.

Keywords: fire hazard, oil treatment for primary refining, oil, hydrocarbons, fire safety, process equipment.

Selection of equipment and minimization of risks of accidents in wet chlorous potassium drying in SGO SOF BKPRU-2 PJSC “Uralkali” by application of UHF technologies

A.N. Levchenko, G.A. Tsvetkov
Annotation

This paper considers the technological process of wet potassium chloride drying which has a risk of emergency. Pilot researches on the example of drying of micro cellulose (MCC) and other chemicals with use of microwave technologies are studied, patent-information search of the microwave oven installations of drying is carried out, proceeding from it, it is offered to apply these technologies for damp potassium chloride drying to increase the level of technological process safety and quality of the made product.

Keywords: fluidized-bed roaster, microwave technologies, drying, potassium chloride, technological process, safety of technological process, natural gas.

Analysis of the reliability of determination of trusting limits in the approximation of binominal distribution in the tasks of interval evaluation of indicators of reliability and safety of complex systems

A.V. Maistruk
Annotation

The task of finding the confidence interval of safety indicators of complex technical systems with a limited number of statistical data (control checks, observations) is considered. A comparative analysis of the effectiveness of the main methods of approximation of the Klopper – Pearson interval under the condition of failure on the assumption that the frequency of occurrence of a dangerous event in independent experiments (Bernoulli scheme) is distributed according to the normal law is carried out. The features of determining a two-sided interval estimate for the approximation of the binomial distribution — normal, beta, F-, Poisson, and chi-squared distributions in the Mathcad system are shown.

Keywords: complex technical system; probability; frequency; point estimate; interval estimate; confidence interval; confidence level; binomial distribution; Klopper – Pearson equations.

Examples of the program implementation of the tasks of the interval evaluation of binominal distribution parameters approximating methods in Mathcad system

A.V. Maistruk
Annotation

The article presents solutions to the problem of determining the confidence interval of the binomial distribution parameters when approximating normal, beta-and F-, Poisson and Chi-square distributions. To solve the problem we used a set of applications and built-in functions of the MathCad system. The main attention is paid to the error analysis of the methods of approximation of the binomial distribution parameters and to the illustration of the MathCad package possibilities in statistical data processing

Keywords: statistical estimation; complex technical system; probability; frequency; point estimation; interval estimation; confidence interval; confidence probability; binomial distribution; Clopper– Pearson equations.

Prediction of reliability and safety of complex technical systems with the composition of laws of distribution of parameters of structural elements

A.V. Maistruk
Annotation

The features of solving problems of predicting the reliability and safety of complex technical systems associated with the need to compose various distribution laws describing random values of the parameters of the structural elements of the system are considered. Practical examples related to the composition of random variables with normal and exponential distribution laws are given. The features of their solution are shown both by numerical methods and using the built-in functions of the Mathcad system. The results of the decisions are demonstrated graphically.

Keywords: complex technical system; forecasting; reliability; security; composition of the laws of distribution; options; prerequisite for the incident; man-made risk; technical condition; reservation; structural element.

The analysis of the reasons of accidents on dangerous proizvostvenny objects for increase in safety of personnel and decrease in environmental impacts on spheres of the environment

E.I. Ovchinnikova, A. V. Barbashov, V.A. Orlova, V.I. Goncharova, YU.M. Did
Annotation

The analysis of the reasons of accidents, emergencies and consequences on spheres of the environment, on hazardous production facilities shows that an important role in safety timely identification of the possible reasons and serviceability of the equipment is. It is important to provide all integrated approach, to apply necessary measures for elimination, to introduce actions for improvement that can reduce further risk of emergence of emergencies. Safety of personnel and a consequence applied in case of accident on spheres of the environment on hazardous production facilities it is relevant since works are connected with a certain risk.

Keywords: hazardous production facility, accident, increase in safety, environmental impacts, monitoring, risk factors.

Evaluation of the reliability of a complex of facilities for treatment of mine water mine named. M. I. Kalinin GP «Donetsk coal energy company»

A.V. Pisarenko, D. A. Dostovalova
Annotation

The factors affecting the reliability of the proposed scheme of reconstruction of the complex of facilities for mine water treatment are characterized. M. I. Kalinina SE “Donetsk coal power company” as a technical system. The group classification of system elements in terms of their impact on the performance of the object. The model of estimation of reliability of the presented technical system is constructed. Based on the results of calculating the reliability of the system, the methods of its improvement are proposed. The dependence of the reliability of the complex of facilities for mine water purification on the current time is studied and graphically presented.

Keywords: reliability, technical system, indicators of reliability of technical system, reservation.

On the problems of ensuring fire safety in higher education institutions

G.Zh. Ukheev, E.A. Shaidurova
Annotation

The article is devoted to the topic of providing fire safety for the organization of higher education. The problems of fire safety and possible solutions to them are considered on the example of the Buryat State University, located in the city of Udan-Ude.

Keywords: fire safety, declaration, organization of higher education.

Assessment of the explosion of the technological system of storage of oil products depending on the geographical latitude

A. V. Fedorjan, D.V. Poda
Annotation

This article studies the influence of the geographical latitude of the storage tank for petroleum products on the level of explosion of the technological system “ VST – FL”. Calculations are made and conclusions are drawn about the level of explosion hazard of industrial facilities located in 20 regions and using in the technological process, as one of the stages, storage of FL.

Keywords: fire safety, vertical steel tank (VST), oil products, flammable liquid (FL), technological system, level of explosion hazard, geographical latitude.

Measures to reduce the energy potential of the unit for stabilization of agfu installation with MTBE production unit

R.E. Khusnutdinov, I.R. Kireev
Annotation

Due to the presence in the refining potential hazards (volumetric explosions, fires), concentrations of hydrocarbon systems with high heat of combustion and high vapor pressure, with an increase in unit capacities of the apparatus, increasing the fire and explosion safety of enterprises is a pressing issue now. The purpose of this article is to develop measures to increase the industrial safety of the AGFU unit with the MTBE production unit. Based on the goal, the following tasks were formulated: to calculate the energy potentials of the most dangerous unit of the AGFCU unit with the MTBE production unit before and after the implementation of measures, and also to calculate the zones of destruction under the threat of a strong explosion. One of the most dangerous blocks of this installation is the stabilization unit, which is designed to separate the gas head (C3 – C4) from unstable gasoline. Research results show a decrease in the energy potential of the block and a decrease in the radii of the zones of destruction after the introduction of measures that contribute to the reduction of human and material losses.

Keywords: stabilization, unstable gasoline, the total energy potential, the radii of the affected areas, fire and explosion.

Directional perforation to ensure the quality and safety of production

G. A. Zvetkov, R.F.Akhmatyarov
Annotation

The article discusses the option to improve the quality and safety of the shooting-blasting operations during hydraulic fracturing (HF). Safety of explosives handling is a top priority for oil and gas producing and service enterprises.
To improve the quality and safety of the operations offered the option of directional perforation on tubing before the forthcoming hydraulic fracturing. Applying geophysical well survey methods (GIS) —acoustic logging method, prior to hydraulic fracturing, is possible to determine the direction of fracturing of the formation rock and after interpreting the data and orienting the perforator in the well, conduct a directional cumulative perforation in a given direction.

Keywords: emergency, perforation, hydraulic fracturing, hazardous areas, safety.

Modeling of air-vapor cloud dispersion during outflow of liquefied natural gas into atmosphere

A.A. Shestakova, A.D. Galeev, E.V. Starovoytova, S.I. Ponikarov, L.N. Muhamadieva
Annotation

Every year liquefied natural gas (LNG) plays an increasingly prominent role in ensuring the stable functioning and development of the gas industry in Russia. To ensure the industrial safety of facilities for receiving, storing and transporting LNG, a reliable assessment of the consequences of possible accidental leaks and spills accompanied by the formation of explosive vapor clouds is necessary. This article presents a mathematical model of the dispersion of a vapor-air cloud during the outflow of LNG into the atmosphere. The proposed model is implemented using the ANSYS FLUENT 17.0 hydrodynamic analysis package. A comparative analysis of the calculated and experimental concentrations for a series of Falcon experiments on LNG emissions has been performed. A feature of the Falcon experiments is the presence of a fence around the source of the release. The following experiments were chosen for the simulation: Falcon – 1, Falcon – 3 and Falcon – 4. It was found that for experiments conducted at high wind speeds (Falcon-3 and Falcon-4), the model results provide good agreement with the experiment, while at low wind speeds and stable atmospheric stratification (Falcon-1) there is a significant discrepancy between the experimental and calculated data.

Keywords: numerical simulation, liquefied natural gas, emission of hazardous substances, accident.

Sanitation of the geological environment polluted by hydrocarbons under platforms of oil refineries

A.A. BOCHKINA, OV TUPITSYNA, D.N. SHERSTOBITOV, E.N. PETRENKO, M.G. KAZAZIAN
Annotation

This problem is relevant for the oil processing enterprises. Completely it is impossible to avoid pouring of oil products. For monitoring of the existing wells, quality of underground waters and also creation of a simulation model of an engineering-geological element use of the program Petrel complex is possible. It, in turn, will allow to ensure safety of subjects to water supply and to define the direction of the movement of a lens of oil products.

Keywords: monitoring, sanitation, elimination of technogenic deposits of oil products.

Development of actions on protection and rational use of land resources in the construction of the gas pipeline branch

S. D. Burlaka, K.D. Kot
Annotation

This article deals with important, in practical terms, issues on the study of possible adverse effects on the lithosphere during the works on the construction of the gas pipeline. In article genetic, qualitative analysis of soils is carried out and degree of technogenic pollution of soils of the territory, at construction of the gas pipeline branch is estimated. The evaluation of the relief and studied the characteristics of the conditions of the area of the object. The main measures for the restoration of land resources, which will be harmed as a result of the planned economic activity, are determined

Keywords: soil, pipeline removal, remediation, conservation, pollution.

Survey of the section for sewage water treatment from petroleum products

S.A. Bushumov, T.G. Korotkova
Annotation

Methods for treatmant surface runoff contaminated with petroleum products are considered. An inspection of the treatment facilities of the company Agency Mercury Safety (AMS) (Republic of Crimea, Simferopol), specializing in the disposal of industrial waste, including petroleum products and oil sludge. It was established that the sorption purification method was used. Activated carbon is used as a sorbent. Laboratory chemical analysis of surface wastewater was carried out before and after treatment. The content of petroleum products before purification was 6.32 mg / l, after purification 0.36 mg / l. It is proposed to use slag waste from thermal power plants as a sorbent after their modification by calcination at high temperatures.

Keywords: surface wastewater, sorption purification method, treatment facilities, petroleum products.

The pilot mobile unit for pyrogenous processing of the wood wastage

I.A.Valeev, R.A. Gazizov
Annotation

In article ways and the equipment for processing of wood raw materials including a wastage of the logging enterprises are considered. Shortcomings of the existing inventory in terms of a possibility of their application for processing of a wood wastage are analysed. The pilot mobile unit for pyrogenous processing of a wood wastage is offered. Explicitly the installation design with the description of a technique of work is presented.

Keywords: waste wood, charcoal, pyrolysis, pyrolysis plants, plants for charcoal burning.

Current problems of anthropogenic impact on the water bodies of the peninsula Crimea

A.S. Gavrilovich, A.V. Pitruk
Annotation

The work is devoted to the study of the main factors of anthropogenic environmental impact in the Crimea, which is characterized by air pollution, surface and groundwater, accumulation of toxic and household waste, poor state of sewage treatment plants. Significant sanitation and hygiene problems in the Crimea are associated with a shortage of drinking water and its pollution due to poor sanitary and technical condition of water supply networks. Water supply problems are sharply exacerbated during the holiday season due to the influx of recreationists, especially unorganized ones, while the shortage of drinking water in resort areas reaches 70-80%. The lack of sufficient water supply and sanitation limits the development of new promising resort areas with the aim of recreational unloading and improving the ecological status of traditional resorts of the Crimea.

Keywords: environmental protection, surface water, water supply of settlements, treatment facilities, drinking water.

Sewage treatment plants milk factory for treatment technological wastewater

A.A. Glytyan, T.G. Korotkova
Annotation

A survey was conducted of the sewage treatment plants of LLC Caloria (Krasnodar Region), intended for the treatment of technological wastewater, followed by discharge of treated water into the reservoir. A scheme of the treatment stages with the equipment used at each stage is shown. The circuit includes pretreatment for grease trap-grit chamber, averaging drains averager, mechanical treatment in the primary sedimentation tanks with thin-layer modules, biological treatment in bioreactor with an anaerobic and aerobic zones, advanced treatment in the secondary sump on mechanical filters with granular media, sorption and electromagnetic filters and decontamination on the UV plant. The precipitate is dehydrated on a belt filter press. In order to improve the quality of treated wastewater to the requirements of the maximum permissible concentrations, the modernization of treatment facilities is currently underway.

Keywords: wastewaters of dairies, sewage treatment plants.

Development of environmentally friendly recipes water dispersion polyurethane compositions

K. Golovanova, L. Zenitova, A.Tabachkov, E. Gotlib
Annotation

Scientific and practical interest in water-dispersion polyurethane compositions due to their exceptionally high quality and such properties as a good drying rate, atmospheric, water, chemical, abrasive, frost and heat resistance, excellent adhesion to various substrates.
This article provides information about the prospects and areas of use of water-dispersive polyurethane compositions. The method of obtaining dispersions in an energy-saving way that meets global environmental requirements is considered.
For coatings and adhesives with high consumer properties, water-dispersed polyurethane dispersions based on domestically produced polyesters were synthesized and their colloidal chemical properties were studied. The results of the experiments showed that the compositions developed have characteristics that are not inferior to industrial analogues. The resulting polyurethane compositions can be used as adhesives for 3D bonding, as well as coatings for wood and plastic.

Keywords: water borne polyurethane dispersion, polyurethane, isocyanate, adhesion, coating, colloid-physical properties.

The phytotoxicity of soils in illegal dumps of Ulan – Ude

V. G. Goncharova, V. V. Grudinina, O. N. Chudinova, T. V. Cheredova
Annotation

One of biological receptions of assessment of quality of soils – phytoindication is presented in article. Soils in regions of illegal dumps in the territory of Ulan-Ude became an object of a research. The conducted researches confirm efficiency of use of methods of biotesting for definition of pollution of soils. The phytotoxicity of soils was estimated by method of sprouts. As a result of observations it was established that contents in the soil of pollutants makes direct impact on morphological features of the studied test cultures. Studying of phytotoxicity of soils showed that soils practically of all sites of a research suppressed growth of subjects to observation that demonstrates anthropogenic influence anthropogenic change of environment.

Keywords: illegal dump; solid municipal waste; phytotoxicity; soils; biotesting; method of seedlings.

Resource saving at the expense of qualified use of recycling wastes

E.M. Gotlib, P.T.N. Ha, G.G. Islamova, T.Z. Lygina, E.S. Yamaleeva, K.A. Mishagin
Annotation

At present, issues of environmental protection and environmental safety are becoming increasingly important in all countries of the world. Special attention of researchers is paid to fillers based on large-tonnage agricultural waste, as a cheap, non-toxic, renewable vegetable raw material resource characterized by a variety of valuable properties.
In this aspect, it is interesting to use rice husk (RS), because in the process of processing raw rice it accumulates on average 20-25% of the volume of the target product. Burning RSH is not recommended, because leads to the formation of vapors and toxic gases, which seriously pollutes the air. Disposal of RSH by burial is also not rational, since rice husk does not disintegrate in the ground, due to the content of silica in it.
On the other hand, the presence of silicon dioxide in the RS composition makes this agricultural waste product an interesting filler for polymeric materials. Ash RSH is also a promising raw material for the production of synthetic wollastonite.
In this work, wollastonite was obtained on the basis of rice husk and limestone ash with molar ratios of CaCO3 and SiO2: 1.2:1; 1:1 and 1:1.2, respectively. The average particle size of synthetic wollastonite naturally grows with an increase in the content of silicon oxide in its composition. At the same time, synthetic wollastonite with an equal molar ratio of calcium carbonate and silicon oxide has a higher content of particles with the largest sizes.
The effectiveness of the interaction of epoxy resin with wollastonite more for synthetic filler, compared with natural. Both natural and synthetic wollastonite increase the wear resistance of epoxy materials.

Keywords: waste, rice husk, natural and synthetic wollastonite, size of filler particles.

The problems of providing of the electromagnetic safety

M.V.Grafkina
Annotation

The analysis of the problem of providing electromagnetic safety, the results of our own researches and researches of other authors shows, that despite of decline the ecological risk from industrial objects, the growth of environmental pollution is inevitable of residential areas and negative influence of EMP on humans. Reviewed the tendencies in influence and change the role of sources of EMP to population and environmental safety of the territories, are given the indexes of electromagnetic pollution from different technogenic sources and also intercommunication of electromagnetic influence with the level of sickness of the population. With a view to protect the population and territories supposed to increase the efficiency of environmental safety management by improving the system of regulation of EMP from individual sources and developing of complex regulation and limitation of negative influence from different sources, operating in different frequency ranges. The development of the system of electromagnetic monitoring will allow to identify, controlling and predict the changes of electromagnetic pollution in territories where humans are living.

Keywords: environmental safety, electromagnetic field, regulation, sources of EMP, electromagnetic monitoring.

Development of innovative installation of air-water-cooling cooling for sunflower caps

A.V. Ghukasyan, E.O. Smychagin
Annotation

In oil and fat production, in connection with the accession of the Russian Federation to the World Trade Organization, there is a problem with increasing profitability of production, increasing the productivity of butter factories and improving the quality of the final product.
In the oil-pressing industry, there is a problem with the storage of hot cakes in warehouses. To store the cake in warehouses, it must be constantly cooled – moving to avoid the occurrence of fires in the enterprise, which significantly affects the quality of the material, and enterprises incur large losses with this method of cooling. Therefore, a universal technology and a production plant for cooling the cake is needed.
In order to perform the cooling process of the oil cake in oil producing enterprises, a convective way of cooling with external air is preferred. However, the cooling efficiency of the material can be significantly improved by moving to the evaporative cooling process. Its essence lies in the fact that water in a fine-dispersed state is fed to a thin layer of material. Heat, which the material possesses, is expended on evaporation of this moisture from their surface.

Keywords: cake, meal, cake cooling, oilseed pressing, cake cooling technology, cake cooler.

Energy separation device from water flow for water leakage monitoring system in water networks

Valery A. Zibrov, Dzhamilya A. Maltseva
Annotation

A device for taking energy from the water flow was considered for a leakage monitoring system in water supply networks based on a piezoelectric cantilever immersed in the water flow. The water flow, in contact with the piezoelectric cantilever, causes its oscillations and the appearance of potential on the plates of the piezoelement.

Keywords: piezoelement, cantilever, selection, energy, control, water flow, water supply networks.

Spectral analysis of retrospective data of electric energy generation by solar power plants

V.Z. Kovalev, R.N. Khamitov, D.A. Tyunkov
Annotation

In the article, the authors cite the data of spectral analysis of data on the generation of electrical energy by solar power plants. Based on the results of the spectral analysis of data, the cyclic component is distinguished. Prospects for further processing of the initial data are given, for constructing a short-term prognostic model for the generation of electrical energy.

Keywords: spectral analysis, periodogram, generation, electrical energy, renewable energy, solar power plants.

Environmental safety of wine products in the system «soil-grape-wine»

А.V. Matskul, T.G. Korotkova
Annotation

The review of literature data is conducted about the contamination of soil of vineyards with heavy metals, pesticides, macro- and micronutrients in the system “soil-grape-wine” has been carried out. During many decades in the Krasnodar Territory for the viticulture and wine industry soil contamination with pesticides and heavy metals poses a special environmental hazard, as a result of which soil fertility decreases sharply, and the productivity of wine production decreases from toxic residues of pollutants. In connection with the constantly increasing technogenic load, the solution of the most important problem of soil pollution in vineyards and increasing the environmental safety of grape-making and wine products subsequently obtained requires an integrated approach and is relevant.

Keywords: soil, grape, wine, pesticides, heavy metals, macronutrients, micronutrients.

Processing of waste of animal enterprises

Кuznetsov E.V., Khadzhidi A.E., Кuznetsovа М.Е.
Annotation

Environmental pollution by waste of livestock enterprises negatively affects the state of land and water resources. A technology has been developed for processing cattle manure, which performs effective utilization of treated wastewater and does not cause environmental damage to the environment. The technology is based on the process of separation of manure into fractions using a separator. Wastewater treatment is carried out by a biological method. Technological processes for the preparation of liquid effluents for disposal on agricultural irrigation fields are substantiated. The introduction of technology in the Gulkevichsky district of the Krasnodar Territory the rate of mineral fertilizer application on the fields has decreased: nitrogen by 20%, potassium by 80-100%; grain yield increased by 10-20% relative to irrigation with water without the addition of treated effluent.

Keywords: environmental protection, processing, manure drains, separator, utilization, harvest.

Recycling of cartridges of filters to clean your drinking water

A.A. Levchuk, P.O. Goncharova
Annotation

The analysis of the ecological state of groundwater in the Krasnodar region. The health of the population depends to a large extent on the state of drinking water, which must comply with sanitary and epidemiological indicators. One of the ways to improve the quality of drinking water is to use water filters for personal purposes. However, when solving the problem of drinking water quality, there is a problem of waste disposal generated in this process, namely cartridges from filters for drinking water purification. The analysis of methods and devices for purification of underground water used in the economic and drinking purposes, as well as the possibility of recycling spent cartridges. Recommendations for improvement of activity of the population in the field of waste management are offered. The priority is to bring to the population the basics of environmental safety in the field of waste management and motivation of the population in order to organize separate collection of solid municipal waste.

Keywords: municipal solid waste, population, drinking water, filters, recycling, waste collection, environmental safety.

Development of complex technology for processing waste of oil and fat manufacturing

S.K. Mustafayev, E.O. Smychagin
Annotation

At the enterprises of the oil and fat industry of the Russian Federation, over a million tons of sunflower seed cleaning waste is generated annually, and the amount of spent bleaching clay and filter powders is estimated at 51.5 thousand tons per year and 8.5-8.9 thousand tons per year, respectively . The main method of their utilization at present remains the removal and storage at MSW landfills, which is a fire hazard and creates significant environmental problems for both enterprises and their regions as a whole. Earlier, we developed and introduced a technology and production plant for enriching and processing sunflower seed cleaning waste into feed products by means of their successive extrusion and pressing. Research on the composition and dynamics of lipid oxidation in spent bleaching clays and filter powders using modern equipment of the KubSUT collective use center, as well as studying the extrusion and pressing of mixtures of enriched sunflower seed cleaning materials, used bleaching clays and powders, has allowed developing an integrated technology for processing waste data oil and fat production, which is ready for implementation in enterprises. Processing waste oil and fat production will provide additional feed products and vegetable oils for livestock and poultry, improve the environment by reducing the load on landfills, and fat-and-oil enterprises to gain additional profit and increase deductions to budgets of various levels.

Keywords: oilseeds, cleaning waste, waste processing, spent bleaching clay, spent filter powder, pressing, extrusion.

Ecological risks of geological accumulation of carbon dioxide in Donbass

F.V. Nedopekin, N.S. Shestavin, V.V. Yurchenko
Annotation

Donbas has localized Europe’s most significant potential for geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) to mitigate the effects of global climate change. The environmental risks of CO2 leaks in the processes of capturing, transporting and geological storage of CO2 at the enterprises of the energy and industrial sectors of the economy of the eastern regions of Ukraine are analyzed. Geographic information systems have been created in these areas with layers of CO2 emission sources, a gas transmission system and geological structures suitable for storing supercritical CO2. The ranking of clusters of CO2 emission sources and prospective sites for geological storage of CO2 has been performed. The impact of CO2 leaks from geological repositories on the environment is estimated. In the promising areas of supercritical CO2 storage, the possibilities of using CO2 for enhancing oil and gas recovery of reservoirs, as well as possible scenarios for CO2 leakage through tectonic faults of Donbas geological structures, are analyzed.

Keywords: environmental risks, geographic information systems, CO2 capture, CO2 transportation, CO2 geological storage, CO2 leak.

Ensuring environmental safety of the oil processing enterprises as aspect of decrease in load of biosphere components

E.I. Ovchinnikova, V.A. Orlova, V.I. Goncharova, YU.M. Did
Annotation

Article contains information on possible methods of ensuring environmental safety of the oil processing enterprises for decrease in load of biosphere components. Statistics allows to conclude that operation of industrial facilities on production and oil refining inevitably leads to education and accumulation of oil-containing slimes in production territories which are sources of air pollution, soils and ground waters. Therefore considering negative impact of the specified waste on biosphere components for ensuring environmental safety of the oil processing enterprises it is necessary to use effective methods of processing of slimes for decrease in loading since today this problem is relevant.

Keywords: environmental safety, oil refinery, production wastes, sludge collectors, processing methods, environment, biosphere.

Ecological aspect of production of canned products

N.M. Privalova, C.C. Bulaev
Annotation

Environmental pollution resulting from the operation of a food company is complex. The key environmental problems of canning production and the effect of production on air, water and soil are considered. In order to identify the extent of the negative impact of the enterprise on the environment, an inventory of pollutants and waste was produced. Inventory compiled on the basis of the technological cycle of production. In the course of the inventory, information was obtained and systematized on the composition, quantity and distribution of sources of emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere across the enterprise’s territory, sources of wastewater discharge into the hydrosphere, production and consumption wastes were revealed.

Keywords: pollution, canning production, inventory, environment, production waste, harmful emissions, food production.

Analysis and development of measures in the area of protecting atmospheric air of canoper production

N.M. Privalova, M.V. Dvadnenko, C.C. Bulaev
Annotation

Food production enterprises, along with many other industries, have a negative impact on all spheres of life support of the planet: air, water, soil. In order to identify the degree of negative effects of canning production on the environment at the enterprise of the industry, an inventory of pollutants was made. Inventory compiled on the basis of the technological cycle of production. A map has been compiled of the sources of air pollution. The qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the sources of emissions of pollutants into the air in various parts of the technological cycle have been determined. A comparative characteristic of the actual emissions of harmful substances into the air with the standards of MPE. According to the presented data, it is shown that the enterprise for the production of canned products does not have exceedances according to the project of maximum permissible emissions.

Keywords: atmospheric air, sources of air pollution, canning production, protection of the atmosphere, organized emissions, fugitive emissions, instantaneous emissions, inventory of pollutants.

Cleaning of mining and industrial enterprises waste water from radionuclides

K.K. Razmakhnin, V.V. Milyutin, A.N. Khatkova, I.B. Razmakhnina
Annotation

The article discusses the use of natural zeolites of Eastern Transbaikalia in solving problems in the field of geoecology, the chemical and mineral composition of natural zeolites of Eastern Transbaikalia is showed, use of zeolite-containing rocks in the protection of the environment during the power supply of mining enterprises using atomic energy is proposed, experimental studies on cleaning industrial wastewater from radionuclides are described; sorption characteristics of 137Cs by natural zeolites from a solution of 0.1 and 1.0 mol / dm3 of sodium nitrate, the dependences of 137Cs sorption on the concentration of sodium ions in the solution and the size of the sorbent granules are established, the results of studies on the sorption of 90Sr radionuclide and Ca2+ ions by natural zeolites are given.

Keywords: geoecology, natural zeolites, applications, complex use, radionuclides, sorption.

Enhancing the ecological safety of the process of cleaning washing water from lead

A.I. Serdyuk, M.M. Yalalova, S.A. Soldatov
Annotation

The influence of the composition of washing water on the maximum permissible current density and the release of lead at the cathode is studied. It is determined that with the dilution of the electrolyte, the permissible current density required for uniform deposition of lead on the cathode decreases. The dependence of the permissible current density on the concentration of lead salt in the washing water is established. It is shown that with a decrease in the concentration of lead in the solution, the permissible current density and current yield decrease exponentially. Based on this, it is advisable to use electrolysis at a minimum concentration of lead salt in a solution equal to 2.5 g/l. At a lower concentration, the rate of separation, the current output and the specific energy consumption sharply increases. For further isolation of lead from the solution, its precipitation in the form of hydroxide with the addition of sodium hydroxide at a pH equal to 10 was used. The excess reagent to be injected into the solution for complete deposition of lead salt depending on the concentration of lead salt in the solution was calculated. It is shown that the excess reagent depending on the concentration of lead salt varies from 1.7 to 9.6.

Keywords: purification, lead, washing water, lead-acid batteries.

Analysis, evaluation of the quantity and methods of utilization of exhausted car covers

E.O. Smychagin, R.I. Shutov
Annotation

Currently, the number of cars is growing every year, the utilization of waste tires of which is acquiring environmental and economic importance for all countries of the world, including the Russian Federation. Every year in the world more than 10 million tons of tires go out of use. The amount of tire waste accumulated in the world is more than 80 million tons. According to the European Tire Recycling Association (ETRA), over 2 million tons of depreciated automobile tires are produced annually in Europe, and the volume of their processing by grinding does not exceed 10%. Most tires collected (20%) are used as fuel. In Russia, the issue is even more acute. So, according to the data of the tire industry research institute in the Russian Federation, about 1 million tons of used tires are annually decommissioned. It takes about 100 years to decompose used car tires and other rubber products.
Modern automotive rubber is a complex composite product consisting of a variety of materials, including synthetic and natural rubber, textiles, steel, carbon black and many chemical additives. These components vary depending on the specific characteristics of the tire and its intended use.
The following types of treatment for used tires are used both in the world and in the Russian Federation: burial; burning; grinding; pyrolysis; recovery.

Keywords: car tires, tire utilization, tire recycling, textile cord, metal cord.

Hard domestic wastes handling environmental problems

А.V. Fatkulina
Annotation

The classification of household (municipal) waste is presented, which is necessary for the waste composition analysis in order to reduce harmful effects on the environment. Basic household waste morphological composition characteristic is given. The most dangerous factors arising from the use of different waste disposal methods are listed. The reasons for increasing environmental problems when dealing with household waste are indicated. The main methods of waste recycling and disposal are shown, namely: storage (disposal), incineration, composting, reuse. It was noted that the preliminary household waste sorting will significantly increase waste recycling level and, accordingly, reduce the load on the environment. Waste management main issues, that required solutions, are indicated.

Keywords: municipal solid waste, garbage, dump, sorting, composting, utilization, neutralization.

RATIONALE FOR THE USE OF CONSTRUCTION WASTE IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS IN ORDER TO INCREASE THE LEVEL OF RESOURCE SAVING

А.A. SHEIKH, Т.S. BASHEVAYA
Annotation

The construction industry, along with other sectors of the economy makes a significant contribution to the increase in the amount of waste. In the territory of Donbass now, owing to destruction of buildings and constructions, a large number of construction waste was formed and there was an urgent need to solve a problem of their utilization. In the near future, in connection with the restoration work, waste from construction sites will be added to these wastes. In the article, the scheme of waste management the construction and demolition used at the present time. The reasons for which the management of construction waste at the level of the state and at the level of subjects of construction production is ineffective are established. The article presents studies aimed at determining the cost of transportation of construction waste generated during the dismantling of buildings on the example of a two-storey residential building. The expediency of waste recycling at the construction site is proved, the possible ways of using waste as secondary raw materials are shown. The influence of the replacement of natural components with construction waste in concrete mixtures is established, the strength parameters of the samples are determined.

Keywords: construction waste, concrete, construction site, recycling, secondary raw materials, concrete mixes, strength.

Environmental safety in the meat industry

YU.A. Kuzlyakina, Z.A. Yurchak, E.V. Kryuchenko
Annotation

The article analyzes the problem of formation and utilization of waste and by-products in the meat industry, highlights the issue of their rational processing, as well as the classification of waste and by-products produced in meat processing enterprises.

Keywords: ecology, ecological safety, waste, by-products.
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