Scientific works of KubSTUIssues → № 2, 2018/March

Table of contents for # 2, 2018/March

Improvement of equipment for determining the distribution of reactable normal stresses of ground
bases on the area of load application

V.V. Denisenko, P.A. Lyashenko
Annotation

The main disadvantages of known installations for determining the distribution of reactive normal stresses of soil bases by the area of application of the load are large labor and material costs when using them. A device developed by the authors for determining the distribution of the reactive normal stresses of soil bases by the area of application of the load that allow the determination of the distribution of the reactive normal stress of the soil base at any arbitrary points along the bottom of the die and the deformation characteristics of the grounds is simplified and cheaper in testing the soil base, increase the reliability of results.

Keywords: ground base, foundation of the structure, stamp, thrust system, static load, reactive stress, deformation.

On the standard for the selection of monolithes of landing grounds from drilling wells pushed in
probe-gruntonosom ZG-133

V.V. Denisenko, P.A. Lyashenko
Annotation

From the wide variety of pile-driving, driving, vibrating and pressing dredgers in domestic and foreign practice, the most commonly used are primed nubs. The ZG-133 probe and the standard for the selection of monoliths of subsidence ground from wells have been developed. ZG-133 probe-primer provides: high degree of preservation of natural addition of subsidence ground in selected monoliths; selection of monoliths of soils up to 1.15 m in height; a continuous selection of soil monoliths simultaneously with the drilling of boreholes without changing the tool and anchoring the drilling rig; reduces the amount of tunneling work; simplifies the methodology of sampling monoliths and significantly increases the productivity of work. The standard can be used to study the properties of subsidence and non-shrinkage soils for buildings and structures at a normal level of responsibility.

Keywords: soil massif, subsidence ground, borehole, soil monolith, safety of natural soil formation, pressed primer.

Energy efficient first type diagram for movement of executive body of precision dc electric drive

YU.P. Dobrobaba, G.A. Koshkin, V.P. Sinyuk
Annotation

Submitted energy efficient first type diagram for movement of executive body of precision dc electric drive, which consist of 8 stage. Algorithms for determining the parameters of the diagrams are given for different cases: there is no restriction of the angular velocity and its derivatives, if the maximum value of the third derivative of the angular velocity is equal to the admissible value, if the maximum value of the third derivative of the angular velocity is equal to the admissible value and the durations of the first and fourth stages are equal, if the maximum the values of the second and third derivatives of the angular velocity are equal to the admissible, if the maximum values of the angular velocity and its third derivative are equal to the admissible, if the maximum values of the second and third derivatives of the angular velocities are equal and the durations of the first and fourth stages are equal, if the maximum value of the angular velocity and its second and third derivatives are equal to the admissible. The analytical dependences of electric power, consumed by anchor circuit, on specified movement of electric drive’s executive body and it parameters are gotten.

Keywords: precision electric drive, movement of executive body of electric drive, energy efficient diagram, electric power.

Optimal quick-speed movement diagram of the executive power station electric drive with elastic valve with speed limits, maximum and minimum current values and fourth derived velocity

YU.P. Dobobaba, G.A. Koshkin, A.V. Cherkasov
Annotation

The article presents the optimal speed diagram for large displacements of the actuator of a DC electric drive with an elastic shafting with speed limits, maximum and minimum current values and a fourth derivative of speed consisting of fifteen stages. Parameters are determined for the speed-optimal diagram of the displacement of the executive body of a DC electric drive with an elastic shafting with speed limits, maximum and minimum current values, and the fourth derivative of the speed. Based on the results of a numerical experiment, the dependencies of the duration of the cycle of movement of the actuator of the electric drive on the specified displacement (angle of rotation) for different values of the fourth derivative of the velocity are constructed.

Keywords: elastic shafting, optimal speed of movement of the actuator of the electric drive, limitation of the maximum current value, limitation of the minimum current value, limitation on the speed value.

The technique of feasibility study of energy saving measures with the use of solar photovoltaic cells and solar collectors of the branch of PJSC «Kubanenergo» Sochi electric networks

E.G. Armaganyan, V.V. Dvornyy, V.V. Kovalev, B.S. Litash, V.A. Lebedev, S.A. Podgornyy, A.I. Reshetnyak, D.A. Bebko
Annotation

In determining the estimated performance and the economic performance of the solar thermal system it is possible to judge which object of a heat supply it is necessary to choose to provide thermal energy, and given its location and climate zone and to place power plant.

Keywords: heliocollectors installation, teploproizvoditelnosti-ness, efficiency, payback period.

Development of technology svetlana wow veto with a view to their use in receptor cosmetics

T.V. Pelipenko, E.M. Shatskaya
Annotation

Natural waxes are used in cosmetic formulations, as conditioners, emulsifiers, emollients and thickeners. The shortage of natural waxes can be offset by secondary resources, essential equipment, of the waxes obtained by the allocation of absolute oils from concreto, or production of bioconcentration from concreto waste production of essential oils. The wide application of waxes of vegetable origin prevents their intense coloration. The aim of this work is to develop the technology clarification of the floral waxes, for example beeswax, lavender with a view to their use in cosmetics formulas. The object of the study was to wax lavender, obtained in the production of biokoncentrat from concrete wastes of lavender.The technology of purification of waxes lavender hydrogen peroxide and concentrated sulfuric acid in a homogeneous phase at elevated temperature. The best results were obtained under the following process parameters: mass fraction lighten the wax, hydrogen peroxide solution with a concentration of 30% sulfuric acid in hexane, %, respectively, were as follows: 7,0; 15,0; 1,5; temperature from 65 ºC to 70 ºC; the duration of the process 120 min. It is established that the oxidation dyes wax lavender by oxygen resulting from the reaction of hydrogen peroxide and sulfuric acid, leads to a significant decrease in the intensity of coloration and to improve the organoleptic properties of the product. This increases the physico-chemical quality indicators: reduced acid number, increases the content of esters. The application of the proposed technology will allow to expand the domestic base of raw materials for cosmetics and the range of products.

Keywords: lavender wax, hydrogen peroxide, sulfuric acid, oxidation, clarification, quality indicators.

Research of surfactants on the basis of the amino acids answering to the concept of naturalness as ingredients of products of cosmetic hygienic washing

T.B. Pelipenko, N.P. Gavrish, A.A. Mullets, V.V. Illarionova
Annotation

Current trend of development of production of products cosmetic hygienic washing is introduction to compoundings new dermatological soft surfactant. Among cosmetic ingredients are of special interest surfactant which part amino acids are. In this regard an object of a research I was кокоилглутамат sodium – it is the soft anion surfactant received from L-glutamic acid and fatty acid of a phytogenesis. Purpose of this work: research of influence of the kokoilglutamat of sodium for the most important consumer characteristics of detergents: foam-forming ability and dynamic viscosity of solutions. Researches of model mixes of the kokoilglutamat of sodium in combination with the most often applied surfactant are conducted: lauretsulfaty sodium, kokamidopropilbetainy, PEG-7 glitserilkokoaty, glitseret-2-kokoatom. The general conclusions by results of researches which are expedient for using when developing compoundings of products of cosmetic hygienic washing: increase in concentration of the kokoilglutamat of sodium leads to insignificant decrease in foam-forming ability and essential decrease in dynamic viscosity of the studied model mixes; introduction of the kokoilglutamat of sodium to compoundings of detergents with not normalized foam-forming properties is expedient; ensuring necessary viscosity can be reached by introduction of special thickeners.

Keywords: surfactants, кокоилглутамат sodium, model mixes, dynamic viscosity, foam-forming ability.

Economic efficiency of ecologically safe express method of quality control of plant lecithins
on the basis of NMR

E.P. Viktorova, T.A. Shakhrai, S.A. Kalmanovich, O.S. Agafonov, S.M. Prudnikov
Annotation

The article presents data that characterize the economic efficiency of environmentally safe Express method of quality control of vegetable lecithins based on the method of nuclear magnetic relaxation (NMR) compared with the arbitration method. The developed method of quality control of vegetable lecithins based on the NMR method is, from the economic point of view, more profitable, while the lack of use in its implementation of toxic organic solvents (toluene, acetone), confirms its environmental safety. The economic effect of the introduction of the developed method of quality control of vegetable lecithins based on the NMR method is achieved due to the lack of costs for organic solvents, auxiliary materials and chemical utensils, as well as by reducing the cost of labor of laboratory staff.

Keywords: plant lecithins, quality control, method of nuclear-magnetic relaxation, ecologically safe Express-method, arbitration method, economic efficiency.

Features of extractant preparation in joint and separate technological schemes of its components injection in the diffusion apparatus

R.S. Reshetova, V.O. Gorodetsky, S.O. Semenikhin, N.I. Kotlyarevskaya
Annotation

The quality of the raw juice, characterized by its purity, determines the amount of auxiliary materials for cleaning. To obtain a raw juice that possesses high technological properties in addition to the structural features of the diffusion apparatus used, a great influence has the way in which the extractant is injected to them and its composition. The article presents the advantages and disadvantages of the schemes for the joint and separate injection of the extractant in the example of the inclined type of diffusion apparatus, as well as the characteristics of its main components – ammonia-containing condensates, pulp press and barometric water.

Keywords: extraction of sucrose, extractant, ammonia-containing condensate, pulp press water, barometric water, diffusion apparatus.

Interrelation of the system of function and functional zoning of territories

N.G. Ovchinnikova, M.V. Garanova
Annotation

Urban and rural settlements are projected on the basis of these settlement schemes. At the same time, a prerequisite is the definition of perspective development of settlements, including taking into account functional zoning, rational use of natural resources and environmental protection. The settlements are a rather complex and multifaceted object of study; at the same time, any typological scheme can use only a limited number of features that characterize the objects of typology. Almost in each district there are, along with the regional center, other settlements that play the role of additional local centers due to the peculiarities of their economic and geographical situation. This can also be explained by the fact that our country has a huge territory with different natural, economic, political and other conditions, therefore the settlements of each region have their differences.

Keywords: settlement system, functional zoning, urban settlement, rural settlement, territory, rational location.

Peculiarities of rural and urban buildings in the system of rational use of territories

N.G. Ovchinnikova, E.A. Chepiga
Annotation

The development of two types of settlements – rural and urban – has been going on for a long time. Historically, the reasons for the division of settlements are related to the division of labor and geographical location. These reasons divide the settlements in the direction of their existence, in importance and territorial location to each other. In this article, the features of urban and rural settlements are considered, the main factors of the division of the city and village are considered.

Keywords: colony, locality, city, settlement, settlement system, functional zoning, construction zoning.

To the question about the types of speech activity in foreign language classes in a technical university

O.N. Likhacheva
Annotation

While teaching a foreign language it is important to remember about mastering all types of speech activity which are implied by the standards and programs in a given subject in a non-linguistic university. These are both oral and written competences which must be developed and perfected effectively during the academic process and the independent students’ work. Every type of speech activity has its realization specialty depending on a student level and university demands. This article shows modern approaches and gives some recommendations to perfect reading, writing, speaking and listening skills and competences in the frame of a technical university.

Keywords: reading, writing, listening, speaking, master level, competences, demand, applied character, direction.

A university teacher in modern educational conditions – specialties of development

O.N. Likhacheva
Annotation

A high-quality teaching and an effective high school teacher are the basic aspects of the academic process in any high school. A modern teacher must be competitive, positive, kind-hearted and a real professional of his business. In modern conditions he must have a scientific degree, develop himself permanently, know the latest researches and aspects, have inter-subject and meta-subject links and inner and outer motivation. This article offers a number of recommendations for a teacher of high school. We think that when they are realized the teaching quality must be improved considerably and mastering of basic competences will be more effective.

Keywords: a degree specialist, a high quality teaching, a foreign communicative competence, psychological climate, a scientific degree, professionalism.

Uniqueness of reference involved in the use of demonstrative pronouns and a definite article

M.A. Fedorova
Annotation

This article sets the goal to find common characteristics between the class of definite articles and demonstrative pronouns. The publication contains important conclusions that both definite articles and demonstrative pronouns have one common feature, namely, they are able to refer to a unique referent. Both parts of speech have one and the same function: to define correctly a certain referent, by pointing, emphasizing and individualizing it, which, undoubtedly, can help achieve a single meaning when understanding the sense of an utterance. In deictic reference the choice between this and that can depend not only on a different spatial interrelationship but also on different direction of movement along the spatial axe. When choosing the right referential word in anaphoric reference the degree of referent activation in the mind of an addressee plays an important role.

Keywords: uniqueness of a referent, spatial interrelationship, deictic center, visual and acoustic analyzers, the fund of common knowledge, emotive function.

Legal status of diplomatic missions

T.N. Chunikhina, A.G. Danielyan
Annotation

In the article discusses the international legal status of diplomatic missions. On the basis of existing international legal norms focuses on those circumstances that are legally regulated, in relation to the status of diplomatic missions. Authors draws attention to the representatives of diplomatic immunities by virtue of the fact that the institution of immunity reflects the nature of diplomatic interaction and the protection of diplomats

Keywords: diplomacy, diplomatic mission, legal status, immunity, diplomatic privileges.

The summation of infinite series of the reciprocals of the even powers of the natural numbers with exponents from four to eight with transformation of series into telescopic series

I.V. Tereshchenko
Annotation

The history of the Basel problem, which was originally described in the preface to Pietro Mengoli’s book “New arithmetic quadratures, or the addition of fractions” in 1650, is considered. It is pointed out that Mengoli used in his book a special symbolism and specific terminology that were not understandable to his contemporaries. For this reason, the work of Mengoli did not have any influence on the solution of this problem and in this connection, it is not surprising in the fact that independently of Mengoli Wallis came to the Basel problem in 1656. Starting with the work of the Japanese mathematician Yoshchio Matsuoka in 1961, the proofs of the Basel problem were proposed, reducing it to calculating the sum of some telescopic series. One such proof was given in the work of the American mathematician David Benko in 2012. In our work, David Benko’s approach is used for the summation of infinite series of the reciprocals of the even powers of the natural numbers with exponents from four to eight with series’ transformation into telescopic series.

Keywords: Basel problem, infinite series, sum of the reciprocals of the squares of the natural numbers, a telescopic series, Riemann Lebesgue lemma.

Introduction of technologies of information modeling in the production process of design organizations

E.V. Solovieva, O.A. Dyomina
Annotation

BIM technology is a modern approach to design-build-operate. We can say that BIM is all information about the object that is numerically well-organized and properly organized, used both at the design and construction stage of the building, and during its operation and even demolition. An important component of this technology is a single information space, a database containing all information about technical, legal, property, operational, energy, environmental, commercial and other characteristics of the building. Since the emergence of the system of information modeling of buildings and structures has shown its quite flexible functionality. For each category of BIM project participants, their tasks. Some personnel changes will be needed. In order to use the full potential of BIM technology, three new types of specialists will need to be included in the business process of the enterprise. This is a BIM-manager, BIM-master and BIM-coordinator.

Keywords: BIM-technologies, BIM-manager, BIM-master, BIM-coordinator.

BIM technology in the construction and diagnosis of bridges

D.A. Gura, G.G. Shevchenko, V.S. Chumak
Annotation

Today, more and more construction projects are gaining huge scale. The spectrum of architectural bridges is becoming wider, with more and more construction technologies being mastered every day, building materials are being improved. It seems to me that in modern realities it is practically impossible to control and manage large construction processes without using computer technologies. So, the widely publicized was the innovative technology BIM (Building Information Modeling). BIM-technology in the construction and design of bridges. The article shows that it is thanks to BIM technologies that you can store and organize all the data about the object. Using the example of the bridge over the Yangtze River, it was proved that with the help of BIM, the time for creating the project was reduced by about 2 times, and storing and systematizing the data about the object became much easier and more convenient.

Keywords: BIM-technologies; bridge design; information modeling; software; civil engineering.

The application of bim technology in operation of objects of cultural heritage

A.U. Prokopov, M.V. Prokopova, A.A. Medvedev
Annotation

The necessity of application of technology of building information modeling for cultural heritage. Information model will allow you to save information about the object to efficiently perform the design of the reconstruction, renovation and operation of buildings.
Examples of the development of information models of objects of cultural heritage in Rostov-on-Don: the building of the main academic building of the Rostov state University of railway transport (RGUPS) and use the resulting model for development of design documentation for installation information construction names and bell tower of the Cathedral of the Nativity of the blessed virgin Mary with the aim of developing solutions for the reconstruction.

Keywords: the monument of cultural heritage, building information model, architecture, technology.

Application of new technologies in drawing up technical plans for highways

A.S. Styagov, D.A. Gura
Annotation

The article tells about the possibility of supplying roads to cadastral registration by using new technologies that accelerate the process of scanning the investigated road. And also in the shortest possible time to create technical plans that are required when cadastral registration. Using a mobile scanner reduces the time for taking measurements, almost completely the measurement process, thereby reducing human labor. The presence of a well-developed road network implies the need to ensure continuous monitoring and monitoring of the existing situation in its various sections, as roads are integral components of the transport infrastructure. Thus, cadastral registration of highways is necessary in order to promptly make strategic decisions regarding the repair, construction, reconstruction or operation of roads and road structures.

Keywords: mobile scanning, road, cadastral registration, scanner.

Perspectives for the introduction of the 3d cadastre in Russia

A.V. Osennyaya, D.A. Gura, ZH.G. Yazydzhyan
Annotation

The theme of the 3D (3D) cadastre is discussed all over the world in recent years. Now this is especially important, as the modern high-tech society increasingly needs a system of obtaining operational, relevant and reliable information about the state of the world around us. The system of the state real estate cadastre is based on the use of information technologies and the presentation of electronic services, for example, a reference information service accessible to users of the global Internet network, including a public cadastral map with information from the state cadastre of immovability. In this service there is a reference information about the cadastral number, the address of the land plot, its area and configuration. But since the vertical plane in this service is not taken into account, the information on the relief of the land plot can not be shown, which indicates that the modern cadastre is limited by a flat two-dimensional image.

Keywords: real estate cadastre; 3D model; a three-dimensional cadaster.

Review of software to use bim models

I.S. Gribkova, D.A. Gorenko
Annotation

This article reviews software for using BIM models. BIM (Building Information Modeling or Building Information Model) – information modeling of a building or information model of a building. Information modeling of the building is an approach to the erection, equipping, maintenance and repair of the building (to the life cycle management of the facility), which involves the collection and integrated processing in the design process of all architectural, engineering, technological, economic and other information about the building with all its relationships and dependencies, when the building and everything that has to do with it, are treated as a single object. BIM-orientation software requires precision and the ability to work with large volumes of information, compatibility with other solutions, because otherwise the provision of a collaborative process will at least be a challenge.

Keywords: BIM, design, buildings, information modeling of buildings, architecture, software.

BIM on all stages of the life cycle of the building

I.S. Gribkova, M.V. Yekutech
Annotation

To achieve the maximum effect from the use of BIM-technologies, it is necessary to implement them at all stages of the project implementation, to be a full-cycle company. In this case, the model lives from the concept to the commissioning of the facility and is subsequently transferred to the building owner as the basis for the creation of the operational system. In the article the enlarged stages of the life cycle of an object are considered: design, construction and operation. Thus, it becomes obvious that when using BIM, the scheme “alone did the model – others use it” is too simple and does not correspond to reality. It is more correct to say that at each stage of the building’s life cycle, its information model obtained from the previous stage is modified and supplemented taking into account the specifics of the new activity, and the process of information modeling continues. That is, BIM is a continuous process throughout the life cycle of a building object.

Keywords: BIM, construction, life cycle, building information model, technologies.

Efficiency of BIM design technology

I.S. Gribkova, N.O. Khashpakyants
Annotation

Building Information Modeling is translated as “building information modeling.” BIM technologies are based on the creation of a three-dimensional building model, which consists of virtual elements that are in reality and possess specific physical properties. BIM technology allows you to design a building and even before the construction starts, completely calculate and determine all the processes that will occur in it. It has a number of advantages that help to ensure the workflow, but also has a number of shortcomings. When implementing BIM technology, it is necessary to take into account the specific features of specific projects. In this article we will understand what BIM technology is, its effectiveness, how BIM in Russia is progressing, the pros and cons of information modeling.

Keywords: Information modeling of buildings, construction, design, data management.

BIM-technologies a new stage of development of geodesy and construction

A.A. Shevchenko, I.G. Markovsky
Annotation

The article introduces the basics of BIM-technologies, tells about their advantages, application in geodesy and other spheres of construction. It is noted that with the use of these technologies, the productivity of the work increases, the awareness of all specialists involved in the construction, the changes made to the construction plan, the work periods and their costs are reduced, the entire plan is no longer needed, several jobs are allowed, materials. The same attention is paid to the application of these technologies in Russia. We consider all aspects of the introduction of information modeling technology: economic benefits, reducing time costs, the ability to visualize the object. The conclusion is made on the readiness of Russian companies and government bodies to introduce information technologies, their prospects and opportunities in general.

Keywords: information modeling of buildings (BIM), geodesy, geodetic survey, 3-D graphics.

Application of ground laser scanning in construction and bim technologies

G.G. Shevchenko, D.A. Gura, G.T. Akopyan
Annotation

This article discusses the advantages of using ground-based laser scanning in construction and BIM technologies, examples, as well as the stages of the object’s life cycle, on which the use of this technology is most effective. The positive aspects of these technologies are considered. The article describes the cases in which BIM is needed: when controlling the correspondence of geometric parameters, when adjusting the project during construction, during executive surveys during construction and after its completion. The possibilities provided by BIM and laser scanning: reducing the cost of building an object, the ability to visualize the plan, change it, without making adjustments to documents, reducing the time spent at all stages of construction. All these positive aspects are analyzed in detail on specific examples.

Keywords: laser scanner, BIM technology, BIM model, advantages, three-dimensional model.

Necessity of using laser scanning in BIM

B.A. Hahuk, A.A. Kushu, A.M.-A. Akhmetov, D.A. Fominova
Annotation

This article will discuss the laser scanner device, its characteristics and application in the Building Information Model. The material costs of collecting data and modeling an object using three-dimensional ground-based laser scanning at small sites and facilities are comparable with traditional survey methods, and in areas of large area or length – lower. Even with comparable shooting costs, the completeness and accuracy of the results of terrestrial laser scanning can avoid additional costs during the design, construction and operation phases of the facility. Laser scanning allows you to obtain the actual three-dimensional model of the object, which in the future will be able to use various structures of the construction complex (operation department, construction control, reconstruction, restoration, capital construction department, general plan department).

Keywords: laser scanning in BIM, Building Information Model, BIM technologies, construction.

Using BIM technologies in construction and designing

T.A. Gura, O.A. Utkina
Annotation

This article examines the interaction of the latest BIM technologies in construction and design, positive moments of work with the help of BIM in construction, as well as the prospects for the development of BIM technologies in conjunction with this industry. The main component of the modern BIM approach is the likelihood of visual observation of the construction process itself, during which any of the professionals participating in the plan has the opportunity to trace the implementation of the technical solutions laid by it and their interaction with subcontractors. When modeling and operating the facility, it is possible to monitor the operation of the equipment provided for in the plan and to issue conclusions about the satisfactory nature of its characteristics and the geometric parameters of the facility.

Keywords: BIM, Building Information Modeling, construction, interaction with construction, design.

Creating structures with 3D modeling

A.K. Golovko, G.G. Shevchenko
Annotation

In this article, the concept of Building Information Model or information modeling of a building is considered. The aspects of the use of information modeling are resolved: the adoption of specific design decisions without changing the documentation, calculating the components and components of the building, predicting the operational qualities of the object, creating project documentation, drawing up estimates and building plans, demolishing and recycling the building, other building-related purposes, building management commercial activities, design and management of the reconstruction or repair of the building and so on. The article also discusses the experience of using BIM in Taiwan, the United States of America, European countries and Russia. It is a question of the benefits of implementing information modeling at all stages of construction: reducing the time required, the lack of the need for special personnel training to understand the plan, etc.

Keywords: Building Information Model (BIM), the use of BIM, BIM technologies. Design, construction.

BIM in foreign countries

A.V. Osennyaja, R.A. Lagoda
Annotation

This article discusses the advantages of using ground-based laser scanning in construction and BIM technologies, examples, as well as the stages of the object’s life cycle, on which the use of this technology is most effective. The positive aspects of these technologies are considered. The article describes the cases in which BIM is needed: when controlling the correspondence of geometric parameters, when adjusting the project during construction, during executive surveys during construction and after its completion. The possibilities provided by BIM and laser scanning: reducing the cost of building an object, the ability to visualize the plan, change it, without making adjustments to documents, reducing the time spent at all stages of construction. All these positive aspects are analyzed in detail on specific examples.

Keywords: BIM, building information modeling, BIM implementation, Building Information Modeling.

Advanced technologies in BIM and process of their work

D.A. Gura, I.R. Potuzhnaya
Annotation

In this article, we will talk about the advanced technologies in BIM, which are “smart” families. Areas of application of “smart” families will be given. It will be told about the stages of introduction of new technologies and processes with the help of these families. Also in the article, you can find information about how you can set up a new process, what errors are encountered in the implementation of this process and what result is the correct task.

Keywords: program, "smart" families, area, process, stage.

Collaboration of advance steel and autodesk revit

D.A. Gura, I.R. Potuzhnaya
Annotation

This article will deal with such important programs as Advance Steel and Revit. Areas of application of Advance Steel will be given. It will be told about the design stages: directly designing itself, production, construction site. Also in the article you can find information on the options for working together Advance Steel and Revit. It will be told about the options for transferring files between programs.

Keywords: program, Advance Steel, Revit, teamwork.

Accelerated master plan design with instant changes to BIM

T.A. Gura, A.O. Gasanov
Annotation

This article considers the latest BIM design and perspective methods of its implementation on the master plan, the positive aspects of BIM technology: intelligent parameterization, the presence in the model of all design information about the object, the constant possibility of automatic issuance of drawings and specifications, the construction of an object in three-dimensional space, the possibility of finalizing the master plan with attachment to the budget and the date without special difficulties associated with the details of information, the adoption of specific design solutions , the calculation of building components, the components of the calculation of the building components, the nodes, the analysis of the operational qualities of the object, the content of the project documentation, drawing up of building plans and estimates related to the object, the ordering and manufacturing of materials, control and management related to the erection of the building, object life cycle, building management as a commercial zone, designing a reconstruction or repair plan. It also talks about the economic benefits of implementing and using BIM at all stages of construction.

Keywords: BIM, building information modeling, master plan, Building Information Modeling.

Collective work organization and project management by Autodesk Vault

B.A. Hahuk, A.A. Kushu, A.M.-A. Ahmetov, E.G. Shmeleva
Annotation

In this article, we will talk about organizing teamwork and project management with Autodesk Vault. The purpose of Autodesk Vault will be explained, the main features of this system will be explained and their meaning explained. Also in the article you can find information about how the process of teamwork is going on, data synchronization for users working in a single program field.

Keywords: program, Autodesk Vault, system, functions, collaboration.

Problems consequences of construction olympic objects on mountain resorts (“Rose-Hutor”)

D.YU. Shulyakov, D.A. Gura
Annotation

Mountainous and high-mountainous areas belong to the areas of increased risk of occurrence and manifestation of various geological processes, caused by both natural and technogenic factors of activation. The emergence of manifestations of geological processes in turn leads to certain consequences, which can be divided into two groups: geomorphological and geoecological: geomorphological – these are engineering-geological consequences and changes that have arisen in the natural relief and landscapes, the dynamics of exogenous processes during construction and further operation of roads; geoecological – changes in the natural environment and its biological component under the influence of anthropogenic factors and as a result of activation of geological processes caused by changes in natural terrain and landscapes during construction and further operation of facilities.

Keywords: consequences, mountain territories, have sat down, landslips, water-currents, constructions, engineering-geological processes.

Methodology for creating BIM models

B.A. Hahuk, A.A. Kushu, A.M.-A. Akhmetov, A. A. Melitonian
Annotation

The description of BIM modeling, the creative component of BIM modeling and design, the prospects of BIM design is given. The end of the 20th – early XXI centuries, connected with the rapid development of information technologies, was marked by the appearance of a fundamentally new approach in architectural and construction design, which consists in creating a computer model of a new building that contains all information about the future object – the Building Information Model (BIM). Despite the fact that the idea was formulated for the first time in 1975 by Professor of the Georgian Institute of Technology Chuck Eastman, it is for the current period that mass discussion and implementation of BIM technology in the design and construction of information modeling of buildings (BIM) – the process of collective creation and use of information about the construction , forming a reliable basis for all solutions throughout the life cycle of the facility (from the earliest concepts to operational design, construction, operation and demolition a)

Keywords: BIM modeling, design, architecture, 3-D model.

The model of hydrocarbon formation and their manifestations in nature

E.P. Zaporozhets, N.A. Shostak, D.G. Antoniadi
Annotation

Finding out how the hydrocarbons occurred allows us to determine whether they are a renewable or non-renewable source of energy. To solve this problem, a model for the formation of hydrocarbons has been developed. It is the development of the abiogenic theory of D.I. Mendeleev, which is based on the interaction of water with substances in the depths of the planet, as a result of which hydrocarbons are formed. In the developed model, the material source for the formation of hydrocarbons is not only water, but also high-energy particles – emitted by the sun and coming from space, and the formation of hydrocarbons occurs during a number of successive processes occurring in the mantle and crust of the planet. The main provisions of the model are confirmed by experimental data of fundamental studies of similar processes by domestic and foreign scientists.

Keywords: earth's crust, energy sources, oil, Periodic system, the origin of hydrocarbons, hydrocarbons, chemical elements.
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